对联对出金木姻缘

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:欧湘林 对联故事 2016-12-30
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民国年间,朗州乡下的赵家村有个铁匠叫赵青山,有一独生女儿宝翠,是十里八乡出了名的小美人,又读过书,十分聪明。宝翠17岁这年,有个大户人家托媒人来向赵家提亲。赵青山两口子也想把女儿嫁出去,可宝翠不答应,说爹妈老了没人管,她想招个上门女婿。赵青山两口子感动之余只好依了她。

常言道师徒如父子。赵青山有4个徒弟,他想从中招一个女婿。宝翠同几个师兄感情都不错,知道师兄们都喜欢她,但她不想因为嫁了一人而伤了另外3个人的心。为了公平起见,宝翠决定仿效古人,出联招亲。

这天,赵青山陪女儿来到打铁间,对徒弟们说,女儿宝翠准备出联招亲,她出一上联,谁对出来、对得好,就招谁当女婿。徒弟们一听,个个喜笑颜开。宝翠见大师兄用钢钳夹住烧红了的铁块在铁墩上锤打,就问他打的是什么东西,大师兄说是一把铲子。宝翠灵机一动,出了上联:

铁锤打铁铲铁打铁。

师兄们一惊,想了好一阵子也没回答上来。

“这样吧!”宝翠说,“我给师兄们3天时间,谁先对上我嫁谁。如果对不上来我再出一联。”说完笑嘻嘻地走了。

一晃3天过去了,赵青山的徒弟们谁也没对出来。宝翠对联中8个字就有6个字是“金”旁,想要对出来,除非下联中也有6个字用同一个偏旁,这也太难了。

恰好这天,赵家来了3个姓鲁的木匠,是父子仨。赵家的小楼房有几根檩条因长期漏雨朽了,赵青山请他们来换新的。

老木匠的小儿子鲁小亮见几个小铁匠因为答不出师妹出的上联唉声叹气,便去问赵青山,他可不可以参加应对。赵青山同意后,鲁小亮笑了笑说,要当着宝翠的面对下联。宝翠出来站在小楼上,见小亮一表人才,心里一高兴就把上联说了出来。小亮看了一眼要修的楼房,吟道:

杉木修杉楼杉连杉。

“对得好!”赵青山高兴地对老木匠说,“老哥,看来俺闺女和你家小儿子有缘啊!”

“慢!”不料宝翠却说,“他家是木匠,俺家是铁匠,小木匠能对出来是巧合,不一定有真才。如果我再出两联,他都对出来了,我才服他。”

鲁小亮微微一笑,说:“请姑娘出联吧!”

宝翠在走廊上边走边想,突然看见村外的一条河,灵机一动吟道:

清溪潺潺浊河滚滚海涌浪。

众人一惊,好联啊!溪水流到河里,河水流到海里,每一个字都有“水”,看小木匠怎么对得出来!

鲁小亮也吃了一惊,他从小跟教私塾的爷爷学做对联,难道今天要败在一个待字闺中的女孩手下?他一时想不出来如何应对,一着急也学宝翠那样踱来踱去。这时,他瞥见了打铁间里的火炉,叫了声“有了”,随即脱口而出:

灶炬灿灿炉焰炀炀煤燃火。

鲁小亮吟完,楼上的宝翠想了想,笑道:“小木匠,算你对上了,但这也是我家打铁的火炉打开了你的思路。你能不能换个别的来对一下?”

“那你说换什么?”小亮说,“我若自己换了,你又会不依,我看还是由你定吧!”

“好,”宝翠说,“我也不为难你,既然你们家是木匠,那就用‘木’对如何?”

“行!”小亮接招后,抬头望了一眼四周的林木,时值深秋,许多树木都已凋零,只有橘树还保持着苍青之色,又瞥见竹篱边有一个木槽,槽里有半槽用来维修火炉的观音土。他走到竹篱外一棵小松树旁,折了一节松枝插到观音土里,然后吟道:

枯木朽朽橘树荣荣槽栖松。

“好!”赵青山情不自禁地又叫了起来,他开始喜欢上小亮了。小亮赶忙向赵青山打拱致谢。

“别高兴得太早!”宝翠说,“本姑娘还有第三联呢!”

“那你快出吧!”小亮表面上很镇定,心里却忐忑不安,不知宝翠又要出啥怪联。

随着一阵风过,楼边的枫树叶发出响声,宝翠手掌儿一合,叫了声“有了”,脱口而出:

东风南风西风北风,东南西北四季风,风送风风迎风,风送风迎乾坤改。

众人大吃一惊,这么长的对联,净是风呀风的,怎么对呀?谁知小亮听了却喜出望外,他看到远处一座白云缭绕的大山,马上吟道:

山变水变天变地变,山水天地无穷变,变演变变促变,变来变去道路通。

“对得好!”村学堂的姚老先生从门外走进来,朝赵青山打了一拱说,“赵老板,我在门外听了许久,宝翠姑娘和小木匠真乃天作之合。若不嫌老朽才疏学浅,到你招婿那天老朽愿送副婚联来讨杯喜酒喝,不知你意下如何?”

“好,好!”赵青山高兴得合不拢嘴,问女儿,“翠翠,你看?”

“全凭爹爹做主。”宝翠脸一红,害羞地钻进闺房。众人见姻缘已定,都哈哈大笑起来……

Introduce:The Republic of China year, the Zhao Jiacun of bright city countryside has a blacksmith to call Zhao Qing hill, have one only daughter Bao Cui, it is the young beautiful woman that 10 lis of 8 country gave a name, had read a book again, very clever. Bao Cui, a large family other people holds go-between in the palm to talk about a marriage. Husband and wife of Zhao green hill also wants to marry the daughter, ke Baocui disapprobation, mom saying father became old nobody canal, she wants to enrol come husband. The be forceding that hill husband and wife touchs Zhao blueness depended on her. Apprentice of saying line division is like father and son. Zhao green hill has 4 prentice, he wants to enrol a son-in-law from which. Bao Cuitong feeling of a few senior fellow apprentice is good, know senior fellow apprentice people like her, but she does not think because of the heart that married one person and injured additionally 3 people. For fair for the purpose of, bao Cui decides imitated the ancients, give couplet marry into and live with one's bride's family. This day, zhao green hill accompanies a daughter to come to forge iron, right prentice people say, daughter Bao Cui prepares to give couplet marry into and live with one's bride's family, she gives one the first line of a couplet on a scroll, who is right come out, be opposite well, who to enrol when husband. Prentice people listen, each light up with pleasure. Elder brother of Bao Cuijian's Great Master is clipped with steel clamp burn red iron piece in the hammer on iron mound, ask him those who hit is what thing, great Master elder brother says is a scoop. Treasure emerald green brainwave easily, gave the first line of a couplet on a scroll: Hammer forge iron shovels iron forge iron. Senior fellow apprentice people one Jing, thought good a period of time also does not have an answer to come up. "Such! " Bao Cui says, "I give the son of one's master people between 3 climate, who is opposite first on who do I marry. If come to going up,I give one couplet again. " say grinning ground to go. Flash went 3 days, of Zhao green hill prentice people everybody was opposite come out. 8 words in treasure emerald green couplet have 6 words is " gold " by, want to be opposite come out, unless there also are 6 words in the second line of a couplet,use same a character components, this is too difficult also. Apropos this day, home Zhao came to 3 to surname rash carpenter, it is three of father and son. Because leak for a long time,small building of Zhao Jia has a few purlin pluvial decayed, zhao green hill asks them to change new. Because answer not to dispatch troops,the young son Lu Xiaoliang of old carpenter sees a few small blacksmith the first line of a couplet on a scroll that younger sister gives groans, go asking Zhao Qing hill, he can be answered with attending. After Zhao green hill agrees, lu Xiaoliang laugh says, want to face the second line of a couplet emerald greenly before treasure. Bao Cui comes out to stand on Xiaolou, see small bright be smart, in the heart one glad to spoke out the first line of a couplet on a scroll. Small bright the building that saw want to repair, chant path: Fir repairs fir building fir to connect fir. "Be opposite well! " Zhao green hill says gladly to old carpenter, "Old elder brother, look my girl and your home young son have a reason! " " slow! " unexpectedly Bao Cui says however, "His home is a carpenter, my home is blacksmith, small carpenter can be coincidence to coming out, do not have true ability certainly. If I give two couplet again, he is right came out, I just take him. " Lu Xiaoliang laughs slightly, say: "Ask a girl to give couplet