给“鬼子”命名的对联

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:谢少萍 对联故事 2016-12-30
字体:

明清朝代以来,我国沿海一带都受到日本海盗的侵袭。当时就出现抗倭的民族英雄戚继光,那时我国人民都称日本海盗为“倭寇”,可是到了近代,国人统称日本侵略者为“鬼子”。何时开始,“倭寇”变成“鬼子”的呢,据说这称呼的改变,还是出于一副对联。

甲午海战前夕,清廷一位大臣出使日本。谈判结束,双方举行联合记者会。日本不但要在世人面前炫耀武力,还想在文化上玷辱清国。记者云集后,日方突然提了个风马牛不相及的问题:“我们日本有个上联对不出下联,只好求于汉字发源地的人了。”这真是新鲜事。日本人亮出白绢上书写的上联:

联曰:“骑奇马,张长弓,琴瑟琵琶,八大王,并肩居头上,单戈独战!”

日本人这上联的意思是说:我大日本兵强马壮,驾驭的是奇异的千里马,张的是长弓;文的也不简单,光“大王”就有八个,他们都有雄才大略。示之以文德,陈之于武功,日本“单戈独战”可踏平中国。

谁知清臣也不示弱。先要日方准备砚台磨好墨,再铺好白绢,然后大笔一挥写下联:

联曰:“倭人委,袭龙衣。魑魅魍魉,四小鬼,屈膝跪身旁,合手擒拿!”

众多记者们看了,个个叫好。下联的意思是:倭就是倭寇,来偷大清龙衣,“八大王”变成“四小鬼”,“琴瑟琵琶”变成“魑魅魍魉”,“并肩居头上”变成“屈膝跪身旁”“单戈独战”变成“合手擒拿”,从此大家不再称日本侵略者为“倭寇”,改而称为“鬼子”了。

Introduce:Since Ming Qingchao is acting, our country is taken littoral get the descent of Japanese pirate. Appear at that time the ethical hero Qi Jiguang that fights an old name for Japan, our country people call Japanese pirate in those days " Japanese pirates " , but arrived latter-day, aggressor of Japan of compatriots a general designation is " devil " . When to begin, "Japanese pirates " become " devil " , allegedly the change of this appellation, still stem from a pair of couplet. Eve of armour midday naval battle, clear the court of a feudal ruler Japan of be sent on a diplomatic mission of a chancellery. The negotiation ends, both sides holds associated press conference. Japan not only the armed strength should be shown off before common people, still want to be on culture clear country of be a disgrace to. After the reporter gathers, day just raised a question of the be totally unrelated suddenly: "Our Japan has a the first line of a couplet on a scroll to be opposite give the second line of a couplet, be forced to seek the person at Chinese character birthplace. " this really new issue. Japanese shines the first line of a couplet on a scroll that writes on white thin silk: Couplet says: "Ride strange horse, zhang Changgong, lute of musical instrument a twenty-five-stringed plucked instrument, 8 king, reside a head to go up side-by-side, battle of odd Ge Du! " the means of this the first line of a couplet on a scroll says Japanese: I am big Japanese a powerful army, those who control is eerie a horse that covers a thousand li a day, piece is longbow; Of article also not simple, smooth " king " have 8, they have rare gifts and bold strategy. Show with Wen De, chen Zhi at military accomplishment, japan " battle of odd Ge Du " but beaten China. Who knows Qing Chen also not give the impression of weakness. Want day to just prepare inkstone to grind good handwriting or painting first, had spread white thin silk again, next one brandish writes down your writing couplet: Couplet says: "Person of an old name for Japan appoint, xi Longyi. Demons and monsters of Chi evil spirit, 4 impish, genuflect of bend one's knees beside, add up to a hand to capture! " numerous reporters looked, each applauds. The means of the second line of a couplet: An old name for Japan is Japanese pirates, will steal big Qing Longyi, "8 king " become " 4 impish " , "Lute of musical instrument a twenty-five-stringed plucked instrument " become " demons and monsters of Chi evil spirit " , "Reside a head to go up side-by-side " become " genuflect of bend one's knees beside " " battle of odd Ge Du " become " add up to a hand to capture " , from now on everybody call Japanese aggressor no longer " Japanese pirates " , change and call " devil " .