赐联伸义

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:卢仁江 对联故事 2016-12-30
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村东有个财主姓王,他平时横行乡里、鱼肉百姓、无恶不作,前些年,还害死了人,大家都恨死了他。只因为他有钱有势,官府中有人庇护,没人能把他怎么样。这些年,心虚的他为了讨彩图吉,每逢大年都要在大门上贴副对联。他虽会写几个毛笔字,但因为肚里缺乏才气,想不出名言佳句来写成对联。于是,他便想到了村里有名的田秀才,想让他为自己写一副对联。王财主把田秀才叫到家里后,便斜着眼、横着肩,霸气十足地说:“今儿个把你叫来替我写一副对联,是我王某人高看你、抬举你,你可别辜负我的一片盛意呵!”听了这些话,田秀才肺都要气炸了,就因为自家还欠着王财主几两银子没还,便只好忍气吞声,替王财主想着怎么写对联。依田秀才的本意,真不愿意用良言吉句为王财主祈福求吉,但又不好用赤裸裸的词句糟践他。怎么办?田秀才煞费苦心。正在纳闷之时,他猛听得王财主的老婆在西厢房里大声嚷嚷,颐指气使地使唤着下人。田秀才心里一个激灵:对呀,王财主老婆红杏出墙,跟邻村的一个大财主私通,何不利用这个题目骂王财主一通。于是,田秀才挥毫泼墨写了一副对联:

夫旺翠冠阔,

妻贤红杏妖。

王财主看后不解其意,便让田秀才解释。田秀才笑眯眯地解释说:“老爷是杰出男儿,当然是峨冠博带、尊容华贵;而夫人是明星伴月、名花衬主。这副对联昭示的是你们夫妇琴瑟相随、恩爱相依、家业兴旺。”王财主一听不禁喜上眉梢,便说:“很好很好!”这个王财主自己肚中没有才气,虚荣心却很强,他仗着还会写几个毛笔字,便将这副对联亲笔抄录一遍,贴在门上,造成对联是他自己创作的假象。

次日,一队官兵路过此地。军中有个刘军师,可谓是精明强干、洞察秋毫、文武双全。他冷不丁瞥见王财主门上的对联,便忍俊不禁。这时,士兵们见军师欲笑不笑的样子便问:“军师为何笑?”刘军师指了指王财主家大门上的对联轻声说:“你们看,这副对联多有意思:夫旺翠冠阔,指的是丈夫绿帽大;妻贤红杏妖,说的是妻子红杏出墙偷汉,我看哪,这家主人是脑子进水了吧。”军士们一听,哈哈笑着疾步前行。

转眼到了翌年的年关,王财主还想让田秀才为自己出一副对联,但又恐被田秀才讥笑而不情愿,于是便对田秀才说:“姓田的,你欠我的那几两银子连本带利已翻了一番,是不是该还啦?”田秀才明知王财主这是要挟,但只能回答说:“老爷,时下我手头很紧,怕是还不上啊。”田秀才的回答让王财主一阵窃喜,便说:“这样吧,你为我出一副对联,我再宽限你几天。”田秀才无奈,只得答应再为王财主写对联。在寒风凛冽的寒冬里,村里的劳苦百姓们度年如关,而王财主家却杀猪宰羊好不热闹。田秀才看到这些,心头一阵愤懑,便为王财主写道:

养猪头头大老鼠只只瘟,

酿酒坛坛好作醋缸缸酸。

王财主歪头瞪眼地看了一阵子对联,读不出个所以然来,便让田秀才读。田秀才读道:“养猪头头大,老鼠只只瘟;酿酒坛坛好,作醋缸缸酸。”读毕,田秀才说,“这是大吉大利啊!”

王财主听罢击掌称是,便又持笔将对联抄录一遍后贴于门上。

过了几天,朝中官兵又从王财主家门前开过,刘军师站在远处将王财主门上的对联读给将士们听:“养猪头头大老鼠,只只瘟;酿酒坛坛好作醋,缸缸酸。”待刘军师读毕,军中爆出了一阵哄笑。

王财主远远地看见将士们又说又笑渐行渐远,心中一阵欣喜,他还以为将士们在夸奖他门上的对联哩。

到了第三年的年关,王财主把田秀才找来说:“姓田的,你的欠账连本带利已经翻了两番,这会儿总该还清了吧?”

田秀才知道,王财主又在敲诈自己,但气只能往肚里咽,便略显卑微地说:“老爷,要不我先还一部分,余下的请你再宽限几天。”

“宽限宽限,你什么年月才能还清呢?今年你非得连本带利一笔还清不可。”王财主居高临下,骄横地刁难。

田秀才心知肚明,这王财主是想借此继续让他写对联。良久,王财主突然呵呵奸笑起来,说:“咱们乡里乡亲的,宽限几天是可以,但利息得再提高点,一个月后,连本带利翻三番吧,而且,你得每年年关为我出一副上等的对联。”

田秀才气得在心里怒骂:“一个月后连本带利翻三番,真是毒如蛇蝎啊!”但田秀才无奈,只得应允,并再次为王财主出一副对联。田秀才想,王财主负有命案,依照罪行早该杀头,但因为他有钱有势才活到了现在,今天,我非得把他绳之于法不可,为老百姓伸张正义。田秀才想到这里,不禁怒发冲冠,即刻写下一联:

君是大者君,

兵是贝文兵。

王财主一愣,不解此联寓意,又请田秀才解读。田秀才说:“君是大者君,大者,高贵无上之君也;兵是贝文兵,贝文,精贵文明之师也。”

王财主正想拍朝廷和官兵马屁,这会儿倒好,田秀才帮自己实现了这一夙愿,于是甚是高兴,便又将对联抄录一遍贴于门上。

数日后,朝中官兵再次经过此地,刘军师一眼便看到了王财主家门上的对联。看毕,刘军师勃然大怒,吼道:“反了反了,快将这家逆贼抓起来,把门上的对联揭下来一并带回审讯。”于是,王财主被五花大绑,随同门上揭下的对联一同押往官府。

在大堂之上,刘军师一字一句解读王财主门上的反联:“君是大者君,大者,分明是奢字的拆写,它在攻击当今皇上是个奢侈淫逸的昏君;兵是贝文兵,贝文,是败字的拆写,它在暗咒我朝大军是败兵,写如此反联的逆贼不斩又该斩谁?另据查,这王逆贼曾经命恶仆用刀捅死过一名债户,至今负有命案未曾追究!”

王财主听罢,连叩响头,申辩道:“此反联是姓田的写的,不是我所为!”继而,田秀才也被押到堂上,田秀才辩解道:“是谁所为,只要一对笔迹不是真相大白了吗?”

刘军师让田秀才与王财主重书了一遍这副对联,经与门上对联的笔迹核对,该联笔迹系王财主无疑。大堂之上,王财主急得满头大汗,便又结结巴巴地辩解说是田秀才出的联,他只不过是抄录一遍而已。但是,这种辩解显得那么苍白,毫无说服力,手迹证据所在,已不容王财主再狡辩。这时,只听得大堂之上传来刘军师的一声怒吼:“今天,旧罪新罪一并追究,拖出去斩了这王逆贼首级!”

处决令下,王财主仍然磕头如捣蒜:“大人饶命,大人饶命,我冤枉,我冤枉啊……”然而,刀斧手们一个个若怒目金刚,容不得王财主再在堂上啰嗦,拖死狗一样把他给拖了出去……

Introduce:Village east have a king of rich man surname, he runs amuck at ordinary times common people of home village or town, cruelly oppress, commit all manners of crimes, before some year, still kill a person dead, everybody hates him dead. Have money because of him only situation, the somebody in feudal official shelters, nobody can him how. These year, he guilty pursues to demand variety auspicious, whenever good year wants,deputy couplet is stuck on the gate. Although he can write word of a few brush, but because literary talent is lacked in abdomen, do not think famous speech well-turned phrase will write didymous couplet. Then, he thought of the famous Tian Xiucai in the village, want to let him write a pair of couplet for oneself. King rich man calls Tian Xiucai to arrive home in hind, shoulder of inclined have sth in mind, sidewards, bully gas says dye-in-the-woodly: "Call up you to write a pair of couplet for me today, it is my king someone looks you high, favour sb you, you can fasten disappoint my great kindness is breathed out! " heard these words, cropland scholar lung should enrage scamper, still owing king rich man because of oneself a few silver were not returned, be forced submit to humiliation, wanting how to write couplet for king rich man. According to Tian Xiucai's original idea, do not be willing to use fine character auspicious really sentence beg auspicious for blessing of pray of king rich man, but bad to use naked expressions waste he. How to do? Tian Xiucai is elaborative. Feeling puzzled when, he listens suddenly so that the wife of king rich man is in on the west in wing-room loud shout, ground of order people by gesture is handling servent. In cropland scholar heart one stimulates clever: Right, red apricot of wife of king rich man gives a wall, a of village following adjacent old rich man is extramarital, why to use this title to scold king rich man. Then, tian Xiucai wields his writing brush splash-ink wrote a pair of couplet: Husband flourishing emerald green coronal is broad, wife bewitching of virtuous Gong Xing. After king rich man looks, indissoluble its meaning, let Tian Xiucai explain. Smilingly ground explanation says Tian Xiucai: "Lord is eminent man, it is rich of high mountain coronal of course belt, honour look is showily; And the madam is beautiful line of star partner month, name advocate. Of this deputy couplet declare publicly is photograph of a twenty-five-stringed plucked instrument of your couple musical instrument along with, conjugal love depend on each other, family property is flourishing. " king rich man listens can't help be radiant with joy, say: "Very good and very good! " this king him rich man does not have literary talent in abdomen, vanity is very strong however, he is battling still can write word of a few brush, excerption this deputy couplet holograph, stick on the door, causing couplet is the false appearance that he himself creates. Morrow, covey officers and soldiers is transient here. Army in have a Liu military counselor, it may be said is intelligent and capable, have an insight into complete in both respects of autumn hair, civil and military. His Leng Buding catchs a glimpse of the couplet on door of king rich man, cannot help laughing. At this moment, soldiers see counsellor is about to laugh at the appearance that does not laugh to ask: "Why does counsellor laugh? " the couplet light tone that Liu counsellor points to gate of home of king rich man to go up says: "You look, this pair of couplet is much more interesting: Husband flourishing emerald green coronal is broad, those who point to is the husband green hat is old; Wife bewitching of virtuous Gong Xing, those who say is wife red apricot gives a wall to steal Chinese, which do I see, this is master