幸运的公主

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:湘茜 后宫故事 2017-06-26
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北宋仁宗在位四十二年,生有三男十三女。可惜,上天有意折磨他,让他绝后,三个皇子全部夭折。十三个公主中有九个早亡,只有四个公主长大成人。

四个公主中,三个寿命都不长,最长的也仅仅活了五十多岁。只有十公主却活得非常长久,历经仁宗、英宗、神宗、哲宗、徽宗、钦宗,直至靖康之难发生,她依然很硬朗。

宋钦宗靖康二年(公元1127年)春,金人铁骑踏破北宋都城汴京,除了抢掠金银财宝、古玩名器,还大肆掳掠亲贵。徽钦二帝、太子、亲王、大臣、妃嫔、公主,不论老幼均成为金人掳掠的重点对象。

在这场史无前例的浩劫中,只有三名皇室成员躲过浩劫——康王赵构、哲宗及第一任皇后孟氏以及十公主。

当时,赵构不在皇宫,听到风声后撒腿就跑了:孟氏虽在汴京,但她早已被废黜,被世间遗忘;十公主得以幸免,原因不外乎两点,其一,她早已下嫁多年,在金人掌握的皇室成员花名单中没有她的名字;其二,她是仁宗之女,都隔了五代皇帝了,人们大概也把她遗忘了。

靖康之难时,十公主已六十八岁,年近古稀,亲眼目睹了被金人劫掠一空的汴京的衰败和荒凉,难免感慨万千。

南宋建立后,十公主被宋高宗赵构改封为秦鲁国大长公主。

然而,金人不断南下侵扰,局势混乱,秦鲁国大长公主不得不带着两个亲生儿子四处颠簸,期间盗贼趁火打劫,家中遭到抢掠,一个儿子也死于非命。

此后,秦鲁国大长公主几经辗转,总算安定下来。因为辈分高,年龄大,宋高宗在她面前毕恭毕敬。

北宋靖康年间,朝廷为防止外戚干政,诏令外戚一律辞官,这也成了南宋朝廷必须遵守的一个政治规矩。秦鲁国大长公主的儿子钱忱也在其列。

秦鲁国大长公主仗着自己身份高、地位重,求宋高宗赏赐儿子钱忱一个官职。

宋高宗不好驳了这位资深公主的面子,便破例让钱忱做了沪川节度使。

过了几年,秦鲁国大长公主又求宋高宗给钱忱再多一些皇恩。

宋高宗虽然心里不痛快,但还是答应了。

然而,秦鲁国大长公主仍不满足,仍不断地替儿子要封赏,真有些欲壑难填。

十几年来,钱忱的头衔越来越多——团练防御使、节度等使,右金吾卫上将军、开府仪同三司、检校少师、荣国公,累赠太师、汉国豫国公。

在两宋,钱忱爵位之高,官衔之多,还真是头一份。

绍兴元年(公元1131年),钱忱带着母亲徙居台州,颐养晚年。

按说,秦鲁国大长公主这下该满足了。万万没想到,没过几年,公主又拄着拐棍进了南宋都城临安,通过奏表向宋高宗诉苦:我生活拮据,加上年老多病,日子不好过,请陛下再赏点吧。

先前,宋高宗对秦鲁国大长公主可谓有求必应,这次,宋高宗就很不耐烦了,说公主您活到这把年纪,都是仁宗皇帝深仁厚泽几十年带给你的福报,同你的兄弟姐妹相比,您该知足了。您为儿子讨要封赏不要紧,但也不能偏心眼啊,其他的儿子您怎么不管呢?

原来,秦鲁国大长公主与丈夫生育两个儿子,而丈夫与其他姬妾还生了两个儿子,由于不是亲生,公主对这两个孩子不疼爱,心里只想着亲生儿子钱忱。宋高宗那番话,把公主噎得没了脾气,从此再也不敢向高宗张嘴了。

不过,宋高宗也没亏待秦鲁国大长公主,下旨赐给她一处位于台州府治白云山下的精美府第,念及公主含辛茹苦、为子奔波,特赐给她一块“美德坊”的牌匾。

秦鲁国大长公主活了八十六岁,她去世后,对于这位历经七朝皇帝的资深公主,宋高宗给了她莫大哀荣——五日不上朝,皇帝亲自去祭奠,下令她的子孙都升一级官,谥号“贤穆”。

秦鲁国大长公主是两宋最长寿的公主,在中国历史上也首屈一指。她的儿子钱忱也高寿,活了八十二岁。

Introduce:V/arc be on the throne of Ren Zong of ① Northen Song Dynasty 42 years, unripe have 3 male 13 female. Regrettablly, god torments him of purpose, let his never to be seen again, 3 Huang Ziquan ministries die young. There is nine to die early in 13 princesses, 4 princesses are only grown grow up. In 4 princesses, 3 life are not long, the longest also lived more than 50 years old merely. Only 10 princesses live very for a long time however, all previous Jing Renzong, Ying Zong, god an administrative unit in Xizang, sagacious an administrative unit in Xizang, badge an administrative unit in Xizang, Qin Zong, till Jing Kangzhi is difficult,happen, she still very hale. Kang Ernian of pacify of Songqin an administrative unit in Xizang (the Christian era 1127) spring, golden person cavalry steps Beijing of another name for Kaifeng of capital of broken Northen Song Dynasty, besides name of loot treasures, antique implement, still wantonly loot is close expensive. Badge admire 2 emperor, prince, infante, chancellery, the wife of a prince as concubine of an emperor, princess, no matter old young the key target that all becomes golden person loot. In the catastrophe of this unprecedented, only 3 royalty member escapes catastrophe —— pass an imperial examination of compose of health king Zhao, sagacious an administrative unit in Xizang allows family name of empress the first month and 10 princesses. At that time, zhao compose is absent palace, after hearing rumor, made off at once: Although family name of the first month is in Beijing of another name for Kaifeng, but she already by depose, by worldly forget; 10 princesses be able to escape by sheer luck, reason nothing more than at 2 o'clock, one of, she is married already old, in gold the royalty member of person control spends the name that there is her in list; Secondly, she is Ren Zongzhi female, lay between emperor of the Five Dynasties, people also forgot her probably. When Jing Kangzhi is difficult, 10 princesses already 68 years old, year close seventy years of age, saw with one's own eyes was witnessed by golden person foray the decline of the Beijing of another name for Kaifeng of one sky and desolate, myriad of deep feeling of hard to avoid. After ② the Southern Song Dynasty is built, 10 princesses are changed to seal the Lu Guoda that it is the Qin Dynasty to grow a princess by compose of Song Gaozong Zhao. However, golden person is ceaseless south next harrass, condition disorder, qin Lu country grows a princess to must take son of two one's own to bump everywhere greatly, during bandits loot a burning house, loot suffers in the home, a son also die an unnatural death. After this, qin Lu country grows a princess greatly after many flounder, how to come down surely at long last. Because position in the family hierarchy is tall, the age is old, song Gaozong is before her reverent and respectful. Jing Kang of Northen Song Dynasty year, the imperial court works to prevent relatives of a king or emperor on the side of his mother or wife politics, instruct your relatives of a king or emperor on the side of his mother or wife is uniform demit official, this also became the established practice of a politics that imperial court of the Southern Song Dynasty must abide by. Qin Lu country grows son Qian Chen of the princess to also be listed in its greatly. Qin Lu country grows a princess to battling tall, position weighs him identity greatly, the Gao Zongshang that beg the Song Dynasty grants son Qian Chen an official position. Song Gaozong is bad refute the face of this senior princess, break rules let Qian Chen do Shanghai plain section to spend make. Passed a few years, qin Lu country grows a princess to beg Song Gaozong to give Qian Chen again greatly again some more Huang En. Song Gaozong although the indolence in the heart is fast, but still agreed. ③ however, qin Lu country grows a princess to still be not satisfied greatly, still should seal for the son ceaselessly admire, true