孝父与逆子

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:周冉 皇帝故事 2017-06-26
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南宋时,赵悖是宋孝宗的第三子,按理说,太子的地位本来轮不到他,可是赵悖太能装了,在父皇面前,表现的毕恭毕敬,勤奋好学。父亲偶有风寒,赵悖比自己得病还着急,忙前跑后,亲尝汤药。孝宗心情好时,赵悖也喜形于色,要是孝宗情绪低落时,赵悖就会唉声叹气,愁容满面。赵悖还时常在自己的诗中称颂父亲的丰功伟业,这一切都让孝宗非常满意。

赵悖的一系列成功演出深深迷惑了孝宗,孝宗觉得自己的三儿子最像自己,既英武帅气,又才华横溢,于是就在太子死后,直接越过老二,把赵老三赵悖立为储君。

孝宗在位27年,赵悖就做了18年太子,时间一长,赵悖按捺不住了。

有一天,赵悖试探着向孝宗抱怨:“父皇啊,我的胡须已经开始变白了,有人给我送来了染发的药物,我却没敢用。”那潜台词昭然若揭,你还要让我等多久?十多个春天还不够,害得我悲伤总比快乐多。

宋孝宗听出了儿子的弦外之音,冷冷地说道,“有白胡须好哇,正好显示你已经成熟了,何必用药染什么发?”孝宗如果识破了儿子赵悖的伪装和潜伏,尚有挽回余地,可惜他最终还是被儿子蒙蔽了。

宋孝宗之所以谥号为孝,是因为他本不是高宗亲子,却事孝为先,千方百计满足高宗要求,哪怕自己忍辱负重,同时他确实对高宗抱有深深的感激之情,太上皇高宗逝世后,孝宗悲痛欲绝,决定守孝三年,再加上对政事心身厌倦,于是决定禅让皇位于太子,赵悖在42岁这一年即位,史称宋光宗。

开始时,因为权力还不稳固,光宗效仿孝宗侍奉高宗一样,早请示晚汇报,每四个月按照礼节向父亲请安,偶尔还陪父亲喝喝酒,听听曲,或者邀请父亲出去打打猎,赏赏花。

可是时间一长,光宗就忍受不了这种表面文章了,先是借口推辞,后来干脆再也不照面了。孝宗是一位极重感情的人,依他对高宗体贴人微的照顾,怎么也想不到亲生儿子为什么会有这么大的变化,心里非常郁闷。

有一次,光宗率领大臣和嫔妃外出游览,却没有邀请太上皇,大臣们看不过去了,就上书说孝宗当皇帝时,每次外出总会邀请高宗同行,如今陛下你独享美景,而把父亲闲置冷宫,非常不符合孝道。

光宗赵悖接到奏章后,非常恼怒,恰在此时,孝宗托人赐给光宗一只玉杯,赵悖余恨未消,气急败坏的将玉杯扔在地上摔碎了,父亲孝宗知道这件事后,非常伤心。

还有一次,太上皇孝宗闲居中深感无聊,于是登高台眺望宫城之外,看见里巷中有一群孩子在玩耍,一个孩子被一群孩子欺负,脱口喊叫,赵皇帝来,赵皇帝来。

孝宗见景生情,不胜悲凉,自言自语地说:“我是他老子,我叫他尚且不来,你叫他,更是白费力气。”

孝宗在儿子不孝中郁郁寡欢。发展到后来,光宗竟然一年都不见父亲,此种行为,在理学盛行的宋朝,显得尤为大逆不道,社会上议论纷纷。朝臣数百人聚集,纷纷上书谴责光宗太不近人情,而光宗我行我素,不为所动。此时的孝宗万念俱灰,气得肝疼,以孝道为先的孝宗可能到现在才看清儿子的本来面目。

光宗赵悖不孝,与自身患患有间歇性精神病有关,他的这个病一半来源于做太子时的压抑,一半来源于他的妻子,即强悍好斗、嫉妒成性却又凶残恶毒的皇后李凤娘的恐吓。

李氏早在当太子妃时,就经常在高宗、孝宗身边传播事非,遭到两官训斥,做了皇后以后,更加变本加厉的染指权力,他趁丈夫光宗患病不理朝政,大权在握,大肆分封娘家人,外戚势力一时显赫无比。

光宗曾经喜欢一位黄贵妃,李凤娘担心自己地位受到威胁,干脆一不做二不休,趁光宗外出祭祀,派人杀了黄贵妃,谎称黄贵妃暴病而亡,光宗明知其中有诈,却只能忍气吞声。

赵惇有一次洗手时,发现一位宫女双手洁白圆润,爽滑细腻,于是偷偷地多看了几眼,李凤娘看在眼里,记在心上。没过多久,李凤娘派人送给光宗·个盒子,光宗打开一看,顿时魂飞魄散,吓得当时就口吐白沫,原来盒中盛放的正是那位宫女的一双手。

李凤娘因做太子妃时时常受到孝宗指责,深怀怨怼,经常挑拨光宗父子之间关系。

有一次,太上皇孝宗听说儿子又犯病了,亲自到太医院弄到了一副好药,想给儿子送去吧,担心李凤娘从中作梗,于是就想等儿子回心转意来看望自己时亲手交给他。

监视孝宗的太监给李凤娘汇报了此事,李风娘又派人侦知,果然发现孝宗奉若宝贝的藏着药丸。李凤娘添油加醋,借题发挥,说孝宗要用毒药毒杀光宗,重新夺回皇位。光宗听后,对父亲又恨又怕。

光宗因受制于李凤娘淫威,病情越来越重,加之李凤娘权倾朝野,惯于在光宗面前搬弄是非,致使光宗和孝宗关系越来越僵,儿子儿媳联手对付孝宗,孝宗忧愤成疾。

恰在此时,眼见光宗精神病越发频繁,朝臣请求立储以安定民心。按照宋朝规制,立储要得到太上皇恩准,在这个重大的原则性问题上,以光宗和李凤娘为主的一派要立自己的儿子,而孝宗鉴于自己选取接班人问题上的失败,以及对于自己二儿子的愧疚,打算立老二的儿子,双方互不相让。

为了取得太上皇孝宗首肯,李凤娘假惺惺请来了孝宗,以家宴为由逼迫孝宗同意立儿子嘉王为太子。

孝宗当场表示不同意,李凤娘勃然大怒,马上撕破脸皮气势汹汹地质问,“我是你赵家明媒正娶、又册立的皇后,嘉王是我的亲生儿子,为何不能立为太子?”

儿媳如此剽悍,撒泼,而光宗置若罔闻,始终一言不发,孝宗感觉蒙受了奇耻大辱,在急火攻心下,眼前一黑,当时就倒下了。

孝宗病来如山倒,在绝望中始终没有迎来儿子的回头是岸和临终关怀。在羞愤与困惑中,这个一生看重孝道的父亲在忤逆不孝的儿子儿媳双重打击下,晚景凄凉,自此次羞辱后没过多久即一命呜呼。

父亲孝宗去世后,光宗表现得非常冷漠,坚持四不政策,不主持丧礼,不参加追悼会,不穿孝服,不禁一切娱乐活动,饮宴如故。

孝宗生前,对高宗极尽孝道,对不是自己亲生父母的高宗吴后当作父母养育,而到了他自己,却养育了一个逆子,孝宗的孝,是何等辛辣的反讽?孝宗生死弥留的最后一刻,不知道他是否明白,古代帝王家,所谓真正的孝,其实都是因为权力使然,一旦没有了权力,孝也就适时消亡,不复存在。

Introduce:When one the Southern Song Dynasty, zhao is contrary to is Song Xiaozong the 3rd child, say normally, the position of prince is original annulus be less than him, but Zhao was contrary to to be able to be installed too, before father emperor, expressional reverent and respectful, assiduous and academic. Father has cold occasionally, zhao is contrary to more anxious than him go to the bad, busy before after running, taste a decoction of medicinal ingredients in person. When humor of filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang is good, zhao is contrary to also light up with pleasure, if mood of filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang is low when, zhao is contrary to to be able to groan, scowl is full of. Zhao is contrary to to still be constantly in his poem the abundant result of extol father greats cause, all these makes filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang very satisfactory. A series of successful shows that Zhao is contrary to puzzled deeply filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang, the 3 sons that Xiao Zongjiao gets him most resemble oneself, already of soldierly bearing is handsome, sparkle again, it is then after prince is dead, cross the second directly, be contrary to Zhao Laosan Zhao stand for Chu Jun. V/arc be on the throne of filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang 27 years, zhao was contrary to to be done 18 years prince, time grows, zhao is contrary to can'ted restrain. One day, zhao is contrary to exploring to complain to Xiao Zongbao: "Father emperor, my beard had begun to bleach, somebody delivered to me catch the medicaments of hair, I dare be not used however. " abundantly clear of that unspoken words in a play left to the understanding of the audience or reader, how long do you let me wait even? More than 10 spring are insufficient still, kill my sadness always compares joy much. Xiao Zongting of the Song Dynasty gave the son's implication, cold say, "Bai Hu has been needed, as it happens shows you had matured, what hair to catch with medicine why? " get behind of Xiao Zongru fruit the camouflage that son Zhao is contrary to and conceal, shang Youwan answers leeway, regrettablly he is returned finally is by son becloud. So Shi date is Xiao Zongzhi of 2 the Song Dynasty filial piety, because he is not tall Zong Qinzi originally,be, however thing filial piety is first, leave no stone unturned satisfies Gao Zong to ask, even if him endure humiliation in order to carry out an important task, at the same time he has the deep feeling that appreciate to Gao Zongbao really, after Gao Zong of a title assumed by an emperor's father who abdicated in favor of his son dies, filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang is heartstricken, the decision defends filial piety 3 years, plus be tired of to body of government affairs heart, decide emperor of abdicate and hand over the crown to another person is located in prince then, zhao is contrary to in a years of this 42 years old accession, history weigh Song Guangzong. In the begining, because influence returns flabby solid, filial piety of follow the lead of of light an administrative unit in Xizang ancestor serve is tall ancestor same, evening of early ask for instructions is reported, every 4 months pay respects to father according to ceremony, now and then still accompany father to drink drink, hear music, perhaps invite father to go out to hit hunt, admire admire the beauty of flowers. But time grows, light an administrative unit in Xizang cannot bear article of this kind of surface, it is excuse declines first, flat later again also not encounter. Filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang is emotive of a ponderosity person, show consideration for a person to be taken care of smally to Gaozong according to him, also want to be less than one's own son why to can have so big change, in the heart very depressed. Once, light an administrative unit in Xizang leads chancellery is seen with the go on a journey outside the wife of a prince aing concubine of an emperor, did not invite a title assumed by an emperor's father who abdicated in favor of his son however, chancellery people look to go nevertheless, when saying with respect to submit a written statement to a higher authority filial piety an administrative unit in Xizang becomes an emperor, go out to always can invite every time