摧毁大明江山的万历皇帝

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:龚睿 皇帝故事 2017-05-02
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明神宗朱翊钧,年号万历,他执政48年,是大明朝执政年头最长的皇帝,却也是大明朝最昏庸的皇帝之一,最懒的皇帝,不加之一。

在他的任期内,他做了三件事情,“三篇大作”掏空大明江山,使得大明江山走向万劫不复的境地。

第一件事情,万历朝鲜战争。

公元1591年,日本结束长达百年的战国、进入统一时代,开创这个时代的就是日本著名政治家丰臣秀吉。统一的日本军力空前,而同在东亚的中国和朝鲜却显露出走下坡路的迹象,于是踌躇满志的丰臣将征服目标跳出了本岛,瞄向整个东方。他野心勃勃,准备拿下东方三国:中国、印度、朝鲜,要做东方霸主。

欲征服中国,必征服朝鲜,丰臣秀吉向朝鲜发出了“联合攻明”的邀请,遭到朝方拒绝。

第二年,丰臣秀吉调动三十万海陆大军,分九个兵团征讨朝鲜。

此时统治朝鲜的是李朝王室,这是个重文轻武的王朝,颇似中国两宋,军力偏弱,日军势如破竹,在釜山登陆,不到20天便攻陷都城汉城,朝鲜皇帝流亡至中朝边境,向宗主国大明求援。

中国此时正是大明万历二十年,万历皇帝统治中期,治世能臣张居正已经被政治鞭尸十年,他的改革大都被废弛,“万历中兴”景象不复存在,大明国力渐衰。但是,中年的万历皇帝为自证“英主”,在对外征战方面采取积极态势,决定派兵援朝。

中日两军陷入胶着状态,难分高下,打打停停,谈谈打打,总共打了七年。

最终,日军总统帅丰臣秀吉死讯传来,日军军心大乱,开始撤离朝鲜,明军四面掩杀,在对手免战的情况下,取得朝鲜战争的最后“胜利”。

虽然这场战争历时七年明军“胜利”,但总结前后得失却是惨胜,大明由此衰相毕露,显露出文官作战的习惯性痼疾,东北的女真后人建州部落作壁上观,为进占中国、灭亡大明增添信心。

第二件事,争立太子,因为中国古语有“太子者,国之根本”之说,所以明朝大臣将维护太子合法继承权,视为“争国本”。

万历皇帝不喜欢宫女所生的大儿子朱常洛,所以迟迟不立其为接班人。

为了让万历皇帝早日立长子朱常洛为太子,内阁清流大臣与万历皇帝展开了一场旷日持久的口水战,共有中央及地方官员三百多人参战,战况惨烈。

国本之争从万历十四年开争,一直争到万历二十九年,前后长达十五年之久。可谓大明王朝旷日持久的一场内战。

这场国本之争,先后有四名首辅、十位尚书被逼退,一百多人被罢官、解职、发配。

最后,万历皇帝亲妈李太后出场了,和万历皇帝作了一次围炉夜话,为这场国本之争一锤定音,万历皇帝终于立长子朱常洛为太子,大明皇室后继有人。

然而,内耗却对大明王朝损伤严重。

第三件事情,懒政,不处理国家政事,甚至连大臣的面也不见。

皇帝是一个很辛苦的职业。皇帝上班叫朝会,明朝的朝会制度是很规矩的,一日三朝,一天要开三次会,跟吃饭的频率一样,早朝、午朝、晚朝,正常的皇帝要三次出面见群臣。甚至,有的上访百姓你也得见。

试想一下,一个皇帝一天要上三次班,开三次会,累不累,麻烦不麻烦?明朝16个皇帝,只有两个没有喊累,顶住了,那就是明太祖朱元璋和明成祖朱棣。再下去的儿孙,就不行了,他们个个生长在深官,精力逐代萎缩,那样的工作量,吃不消。

虽然工作量大,皇帝很累,但是明朝大多皇帝毕竟形式总是要走的,适当地做工作状。而万历皇帝则不然,他连工作状都懒得做。

他做了48年皇帝,有近30年没有上过朝,不少大臣连他长什么样都不知道,因为从上班到退休,没有见过他一面。

那么他躲在深宫里干什么呢?

主要消遣方式就是与女眷们打成一片,这比工作有意思多了,还有传说他没事还在宫中抽大烟,这个事没有正史证实,但也很可能。

历史是无情的,万历死后仅仅24年,大明帝国轰然倒塌。

Introduce:Bright god Zong Zhuyi your, the title of an emperor's reign 10 thousand all previous, he is in office 48 years, it is big Ming Dynasty is in office the emperor with the longest long time, also be big Ming Dynasty however most one of emperors of fatuity, the laziest emperor, do not add one of. Inside his lieutenancy, he did 3 businesses, "3 your work " draw out sky is big bright country, make big the condition of beyond redemption of bright country strike. The first one thing, war of Korea of 10 thousand all previous. The Christian era 1591, japanese end is as long as the Warring States of hundred years, enter unified period, those who initiate this period is Japanese famous politician Feng Chenxiu auspicious. Unified Japanese military strength is all-time, and show however in the China of East Asia and Korea together leave the evidence of decline, then the Feng Chen of complacent jumped out conquer target this island, take aim to whole east. His on the make, preparation takes next Oriental the Three Kingdomses: China, India, Korea, want to do Oriental overlord. Be about to conquer China, conquer surely Korea, feng Chenxiu auspicious was given out to Korea " attack jointly bright " invite, just refuse by court. The 2nd year, feng Chenxiu auspicious mobilizes main force of land of 300 thousand seas, separate a Korea of corps go on a punitive expedition. Right now of regnant Korea is Li Chao royal family, this is the dynasty of a heavy Wen Qingwu, be like two the Song Dynasty of Chinese quite, military strength slants weak, japanese army carry everything before it, land in boiler hill, do not capture to 20 days capital Seoul, korea emperor is exiled border land of the face in coming, to suzerain big bright recourse. China is big right now bright 10 thousand all previous 20 years, emperor of 10 thousand all previous is regnant metaphase, times of peace and prosperity can official Zhang Juzheng has been flogged by politics cadaver 10 years, his reform mostly by cease to be binding, "Resurgence of 10 thousand all previous " picture not answer exist, big bright national power declines gradually. But, emperor of middleaged 10 thousand all previous is from card " flower advocate " , in external respect of go on an expedition adopts active posture, the decision sends Bing Yuanchao. Sino-Japanese two army be immersed in ankylose condition, divide relative superiority or inferiority hard, dozen dozen stop, talk dozen, hit 7 years in all. Final, beautiful auspicious news of sb's death transmits Shuai Fengchen of Japanese army president, big chaos of Japanese army soldier's morale, begin to withdraw Korea, ming Jun makes a surprise attack on four sides, below the case that dismisses battle in adversary, those who obtain Korea war is final " victory " . Although this battle last a period of time 7 years of Ming Jun " victory " , but summary around gain and loss is miserable however get the better of, big bright decline to appear in all from this, show piece civilian the chronic chronic illness that fight, northeast Nuuzhen later generations builds city tribe to be an onlooker, increase confidence to occupy China, ruined Damingzeng. The 2nd 2 things, contend for establish prince, because Chinese archaism has " prince person, of the country essential " say, so Ming Dynasty chancellery will safeguard prince lawful right of inheritance, regard as " contend for a country this " . Emperor of 10 thousand all previous does not like the eldest son Zhu Changluo with lady-in-waiting strange place, do not establish its to be successor tardy so. To let emperor of 10 thousand all previous establish cornstalk at an early date Zhu Changluo is prince, inside