雍正皇帝怎么解压

来源:鬼怪吧 作者: 皇帝故事 2017-12-20
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雍正的形象五花八门

历史上的雍正,给后人留下“夙夜忧勤”的背影。批折子实在累了,雍正是不是也想去独钓寒江雪、探险林中虎、深山安坐禅、海上戏游龙呢?这些娱乐项目,虽然不能一一去实地操作,他却通过a虚拟世界的“角色扮演”实践了娱乐精神。

且看他的《打虎图》,雍正扮成一个猎户,拿着叉子,深入虎穴,面对凶猛的兽中之王,面无惧色,当头叉去。雍正扮演的似乎是欧洲猎户,头上戴的是洋人的假发。

再看《戏猴图》,雍正换了一身民族服装,手里拿个桃,逗树上的猴玩。这是不是他在圆明园逗猴玩时的真实写照呢?

还有“深山坐禅”,雍正换上了喇嘛服,枯坐洞穴,洞外一红蛇蜿蜒,此图无非满足他的一种幻想:修行高超,敢与毒蛇猛兽共处。雍正是信奉喇嘛教的,师从十四世章嘉呼图克图,自称是“不着僧服的居士”,是“圆明居士”“破尘居士”,作为皇帝,当然不方便穿僧袍,只好在虚拟世界里过瘾。

再有一图,雍正着汉人书生服,坐溪边石上,一腿伸直,另一腿由两手抱膝,弯曲。岸边,身侧一树桃花盛开。雍正在虚拟世界里当明朝才子唐伯虎。因为雍正很喜欢唐伯虎的《桃花庵歌》,还特意将其作为自己的枕边必读诗歌之一。此诗云:“酒醒只在花前坐,酒醉还来花下眠。”此图是不是取的这一境界?

比较玄幻的是《戏龙图》,雍正扮成了道士,坐在海边悬崖上,口中似乎念念有词,一手执拂尘置于肩,一手拇指食指相抵,其余三指如兰花翘起,悬崖下波涛汹涌,一条青龙盘旋。

此外,扮头陀行于山涧,扮诗人石壁题词,扮农夫在田间灌溉,坐枯树行于大海,执弓箭欲射孔雀……在虚拟的图画世界里,雍正扮演的角色五花八门,虚拟的背后是真实的心灵世界,是什么样的心灵世界呢?

勤政外追求“清远闲旷”

雍正的工作量有多大呢?举个例子吧。有一年,雍正病了,去养心殿静养,秘书组(军机处)暂时代替他的工作,将一个人的工作分摊给一个组,按理应该将压力分散了,结果呢,其中一个叫张廷玉的秘书累得直抱怨:“我每天二更才下班,饮食睡眠都不能按时进行。”

工作压力如此大,通过画面虚拟形象取乐减压,这应该是《雍正行乐图》产生原因的正解。然而,要更深一层地探讨雍正的心迹,恐怕还不只是从缓解工作压力入手。人的一生能实现的理想,只有一两种,其他的都变成幻想,而幻想,往往在一些自我娱乐的冥想中实现。

雍正是不是也有很多理想?他的第一理想是当皇帝,这个实现了,然而,他或许想做云游高僧,或许想做江南唐伯虎,或许想自由自在于田间插秧灌溉,这些只能靠冥想实现了。当雍正还是四阿哥的时候,他还是一个文艺气息很浓厚的青年,他把自己的精神追求刻写在一个小本子里,这小本子叫《御制悦心集》,可见,他想要使自己的心“喜悦”,而能达到“悦心”的手段,不是君临天下,也不是美女环绕。

这本小册子选了很多先贤古圣的诗句,居然有落魄才子唐伯虎的《桃花庵歌》,或许他冥想过自己是江南唐伯虎;有宋朝宰相真德秀的《长沙劝耕》:“田家取一春忙,男力畲女课桑”,或许他冥想过做一个自在的农夫;有《醒世歌》,或许他冥想自己看破世事:“南来北往走西东,看见浮生总是空”,做了皇帝当然不能看空天下国家,但在冥想中看空也行;有陶渊明的《桃花源记》和《归去来兮辞》,或许他冥想当一个隐士……

冥想会产生代入感,将自己代入到自己曾羡慕过的角色,其实也是一种心灵的放松方式。雍正在这种代入的基础上,心灵得到休闲,正如他自己在小册子上所记的:“身处繁华,而寤寐之中自觉清远闲旷,超然尘俗之外”,甚至他的冥想还很具体:“或如皓月当空,或如凉风解暑,或如时花照眼,或如好鸟鸣林,或如泉响空山,或如钟清午夜。”

Introduce:Yong Zheng's figure is multifarious the Yong Zheng on the history, stay to later generations " care of night of early in the morning is diligent " back. Batch booklet in accordion form with a slipcase is really tired, does Yong Zheng also want to angle cold Jiang Xue, expeditionary Lin Zhonghu, remote mountains installs You Long of sit in meditation, maritime play alone? These recreational projects, although cannot be operated on the spot one by one, he carries A fictitious world however " the part is acted " carried out recreational spirit. And see him " the graph that hit a tiger " , yong Zheng plays the part of a hunter, taking broach, thorough dangerous place, face the king in feral animal, the face does not have a look of fear, pawn fork goes. What Yong Zheng acts is European hunter it seems that, what wear on the head is the hairpiece of foreigner. Look again " play monkey pursues " , yong Zheng changed clothing of a suit nation, an a peach-shaped thing is taken in the hand, the monkey on funny tree plays. Is this him does in the circle bright garden amuse the true portraiture when monkey plays? Still have " remote mountains sit in meditation " , yong Zheng changed lama to take, withered sit burrow, the one red snake outside the hole is winding, this graph no more than satisfies a kind of his illusion: Cultivate oneself according to a religious doctrine is excellent, dare with coexist of serpent beast of prey. Yong Zheng is believe in Lamaism, division breathes out from 14 worlds Zhang Jia Tuketu, professing is " do not wear the lay Buddhist that the monk takes " , be " round bright lay Buddhist " " broken dirt lay Buddhist " , as the emperor, no-go of course wear monk robe, be forced to be in fictitious world satisfy a craving. Have one plan again, yong Zheng is worn student of the Han people is taken, sit on brook curb, one leg unbend, another leg holds genu in the arms by two tactics, bend. Bank, body side cultivates peach blossom to bloom. Yong Zheng becomes Ming Dynasty talent in fictitious world Tang Baihu. Like Tang Baihu very much because of Yong Zheng " song of peach blossom hut " , the bedside that still regards oneself as its designedly reads one of poetry surely. This poem cloud: "Wine wakes to sit before the flower only, bacchic still will spend next Mian. " this one state that this graph takes? Those who compare black unreal is " play dragon pursues " , yong Zheng played the part of Taoism priest, sit on seaside cliff, appear in the mouth mumble, single-handed hold shoulder of horsetail whisk park, balance of skill thumb index finger, the others 3 be like,point to orchid cock, below cliff surfy, a Qing Long circles. In addition, play the part of Buddhist monk to go at mountain stream, play the part of poetic cliff epigraph, play the part of farmer to be in field irrigate, sit withered tree goes at the sea, hold …… of sparrow of bow desire perforation is in fictitious drawing world, the part that Yong Zheng acts is multifarious, fictitious backside is real interior world, what kind of heart world be? Diligent politics outside pursuit " Qing Yuanxian free from worries " does Yong Zheng's workload have how old? Cite a case. Have a year, yong Zheng is ill, go raising heart Dian Jing, secretary group (military plan is in) the job that replaces him temporarily, give a group the working share of a person, by behoove this general pressure dispersed, result, among them a secretary that makes Zhang Tingyu is so tired that a secretary that makes Zhang Tingyu hold in the arms continuously