萧何为什么会月下追韩信 萧何又是怎么死的

来源:鬼怪吧 作者: 将相故事 2016-12-30
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萧何(前257年——前193年),秦朝沛县丰邑(今中国江苏省丰县)人。是汉朝初年丞相、西汉初年政治家。谥号“文终侯”,汉初三杰之一。作为汉王朝的优秀人物,一名知识分子,法律发烧友,萧何不管是从学识还是人品来说都是一名精英。

在帮助好兄弟刘邦登上高位之前,他还只是个穷酸的市井小民,在沛县做一名小小的公务员,勤勤恳恳兢兢业业。而在风云交际的大时代背景下,萧何也算是刘邦的一个伯乐,要不是萧何当初的坚持,刘邦又怎会从一个小的起义军首领而后成长为一个朝代的开拓者?楚汉争霸时,留守后方,做好汉军的后勤,保证粮草的运输供给,即使在刘邦成功后,萧何也一直尽忠职守,他采摭秦六法,重新制定律令制度,作为《九章律》,为刘邦管理新的王朝提供了一个好的范本。慧眼识人的萧何不仅是刘邦的伯乐,还是韩信的伯乐,在争夺天下的过程中,萧何让韩信加入刘邦的战队,无疑是助推刘邦建立霸业。说到底,萧何与韩信有什么精彩的相遇,事情还是要从秦末说起。

慧眼识人月下追韩信

秦末农民战争中,韩信投奔项梁,后来项梁兵败被杀,又归附了项羽。韩信在随后楚汉相争的交战中,多次向项羽献计,心高气傲的楚霸王当然不以为意,以致后来项羽乌江自刎,自食苦果都是后话。接下来韩信辗转来到刘邦的部队,因触犯军法理应被斩首,临刑见到夏侯婴便说:“上不欲就天下乎?何为斩壮士?”,夏侯婴见此人相貌不凡,能说出这种话的人,定不是普通人,于是将韩信推荐给萧何。萧何善于识人,见到韩信自然也觉得此人并非普通人,准备将韩信举荐给刘邦,忙于战事的刘邦也没有把萧何的话认真听进去。

一次,有人在朝堂之上匆忙禀告,说丞相逃走了,刘邦既惊讶又难过,一直没有想通为什么萧何要逃走,知道第三天,萧何拖着些许疲惫的身子回到了都城,水都没喝一口就遭到汉王的诘问,为何丞相匆忙逃走又回来了?萧何向刘邦解释到一切都是因为一个叫韩信的人,此人是位军事天才,因为多次向汉王举荐而不被召见,所以打了退堂鼓想随部队回到自己的家乡。因此,怕汉王朝失去一个得力干将,所以才急忙追赶逃走的韩信,听完解释的刘邦,显然才注意到韩信的重要性。

果不其然韩信被召见后,献良计攻打楚军,并留在军中训练军队,为汉王的东征,孕育了成熟的条件。丞相萧何不惜车马劳顿苦苦寻回韩信,此举透露一个优秀的丞相的职业操守和深远的眼光。

自污名节方得善终

“兔死狗烹”、“鸟尽弓藏” ,聪明的萧何不会不懂这个道理,因为自己的权高位重,自己在任以来,在自己的职位上做过不少实事,为国家出谋划策,深得老百姓的喜爱,国泰民安,丞相萧何深感欣慰,高兴的同时也在隐隐担忧,此时国家才刚刚步入正轨,汉王在剪除异己,以巩固自己的统治地位,萧何自己心里清楚,虽说他知晓律令、政务做得很不错,但是功高盖主都是极其危险的事,因此,为了保命萧何不惜自污名节,在长安低价收购百姓的土地被刘邦治罪,以此事凸显自己的过错展现天子的英明。从此以后,萧何对刘邦更是诚惶诚恐,恭谨有加了。刘邦也照例以礼相待,但萧何从此对国事就只能保持沉默了。

刘邦晚年,宫廷内部发生了一场废立太子的斗争,刘邦突然想要废除太子刘盈改立刘如意为太子,此举群臣的反对,对亏后来张良和韩信等人的劝告刘邦才打消了这个念头。汉十二年,刘邦病逝,随后他的儿子刘盈,也就是汉惠帝即位,萧何继任丞相,尽心竭力辅佐了两代君王,晚年又制定汉律九章,由于常年为汉室操劳,终于卧病不起,在病危之际惠帝亲自探望。惠帝二年(前193年)七月辛未病逝,谥号“文终侯”。

Introduce:Xiao He () , city of abundant of county of abundant of face of the Qin Dynasty (today Chinese Jiangsu saves abundant county) person. It is Chinese face at the beginning of Chu Niancheng photograph, the Western Han Dynasty year politician. Shi date " civil eventually Hou " , chinese one of Chu Sanjie. As Chinese the fine figure of the dynasty, an intellectual, law has a fever friendly, no matter Xiao He is from an elite is for knowledge or bearing. Before state of Liu of good in the help brother ascends perch, the town that he still is a poor and pedantic only is small civilian, a small official is done in abundant county, conscientious cautious and conscientious. And fall in the old age setting of intercourse of wind and cloud, xiao He also is Bai Le of Liu Bang, xiao He of if it were not for at the outset hold to, can Liu Bang uprise smally from how again army does chieftain grow after that the trailblazer that is a dynasty? When Hunan Chinese contend for hegemony, stay behind rear, make the rear service of brave man army, the carriage that assures army provisions furnishs, although be after Liu state is successful, xiao He also uses up faithful post all the time, he is collected pick up Qin Liu law, make a rule afresh your system, as " 9 orders rule " , for Liu Bang management new dynasty offerred a good model for painting. The Xiao He of person of a mind which perceives both past and future knowledge is Liu Bang's Bai Le not only, still be Han Xin's Bai Le, in the process that contends for the world, xiao He lets Han Xin join battle group of Liu Bang, it is to aid the state that push Liu to build bully line of business undoubtedly. In the final analysis, xiao He and Han Xin have the encountering with wonderful what, the matter still should speak of from Qin Mo. In battle of farmer of Han Xinqin end is being pursued below month of person of a mind which perceives both past and future knowledge, han believes Xiang Liang of go to somewhere for shelter, xiang Liangbing is defeated to be killed later, submit to the authority of another Xiang Yu. Han Xin is at war in what subsequently Chu Hanxiang contends for in, make suggestions to Xiang Yu for many times, the heart enrages the Hunan Xiang Yu the Conqueror that be proud high to care nothing of course, as a result later cut one's throat of river of Xiang Yu black, feeding a bitter pill to swallow oneself is hind word. Next Han believes flounder to come to Liu Bang's army, because offend military law behoove by behead, see summerly Hou baby says just before execution: "Go up not desire with respect to the world? Why be behead hero? " , summerly Hou baby sees this person facial features is uncommon, can speak the person of this kind of word, not be Everyman surely, recommend Han Xin Xiao He then. Xiao He is good at knowing a person, see Han Xin also feels this person is not Everyman naturally, preparation recommends Hanxin Liu Bang, if also doing not have a Xiao He at the Liu Bang of war, listen seriously go in. , somebody over hall of hold office at court hurried report, say prime minister ran away, liu Bang already open-eyed sad, do not have be enlightened all the time why Xiao He should run away, know the 3rd day, xiao He was pulling the body of trifling exhaustion to return capital, water did not drink the closely question that suffers Chinese king readily, why does prime minister haste run away to come back again? Xiao He explains everything to Liu Bang is the person that calls Han Xin because of, this person is a martial talent, because be recommended to Chinese king for many times