依克唐阿是谁?他是怎么死的?依克唐阿的历史评价

来源:鬼怪吧 作者: 将相故事 2016-12-30
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人物档案

姓名:扎拉里·依克唐阿

外文名:iktangga

别称:虎将军

字号:尧山

谥号:诚勇

封号:法什尚阿巴图鲁

国家:中国

民族:满族

所处时代:晚清

旗籍:镶黄旗

祖籍:吉林伊通

出生地:伊通满族自治县城东南马家屯

出生时间:公元1834年

去世时间:公元1899年

官职:兵部尚书、都察院右都御史等

主要成就:抗击日、俄入侵

依克唐阿是清朝末年著名将领,为满洲镶黄旗人,扎拉里氏,字尧山,公元1834年生于伊通满族自治县城东南马家屯。

依克唐阿性情刚毅,自幼喜欢狩猎,练了一手骑射的好本事。咸丰三年,二十岁的依克唐阿编入满洲八旗“马甲”随军征调入关,转战各地,围剿太平军和捻军,镇压农民起义。依克唐阿在作战中表现勇猛,很快就因功赏赐花翎顶戴,晋骁骑校,后来在钦差大臣僧格林沁麾下效力。

同治元年,补三姓镶白旗佐领,奉命镇压吉林留条边外农民军起义,斩杀起义军首领刘国发,迁协领,赐“法什尚阿巴图鲁”称号。

随后依克唐阿奉命调守边疆,多次抵御沙俄入侵。依克唐阿在边外努力整顿旗务、修缮兵甲,聘请博学开发文化,兴办屯田戍边事宜,巩固边陲,成绩卓著。

光绪二十年,甲午战争爆发,依克唐阿请率军自效,议赴汉城迎击日军。当依克唐阿带兵赶到奉天的时候,平壤已经被日军占领,于是便转战鸭绿江与宋庆共同协守鸭绿江防务。同年十月,日军由朝鲜水口镇涉水渡江,一路行来清军溃败,依克唐阿率部退守宽甸。随后与聂士成,一人守黑龙江赛马集,一人扼守摩天岭,两部互为犄角,共同抵御日军第五师团的入侵。

梁军先后在草河岭、崔家房、樊家台等地与日军交战,清军损失惨重,依克唐阿麾下永山在凤凰城遭遇埋伏阵亡。依克唐阿为了保全兵力,只能败退。此事过后依克唐阿革职留营,以图后效。

公元1895年,率部与长顺、徐邦道、宋庆、李光久等部会和,反攻海城,以失败告终。于此同时,日本第一军第五师团,趁清军反攻海城之际,进攻鞍山。辽阳,尽管后来依克唐阿、长顺率部驰援成功。但是随后在辽河下游爆发的战役中,牛庄、营口、田庄台失陷,清军在东北战场彻底失败。

虽然说在抵御日军入侵的战役最终失败,但是依克唐阿抵御沙俄,抗击日军都作出了重要贡献,是维护国家统一的功臣。光绪二十五年依克唐阿去世,谥诚勇,予建祠。

《清史稿》:“依克唐阿勇而有谋,性仁厚,不嗜杀,每有俘获,不妄戮一人。转战吴、皖、鲁、豫,先后救出难民以十数万计,至今人尸祝之。初与长顺订兄弟交,长顺兄事之。及议辽阳战守,语不协。依克唐阿毅然独任其难,曰:”孰使我为兄也者?“其雅量如此。”

Introduce:Figure record full name: · depends on Zalali name of foreign language of Ke Tang A: Iktangga another namer: Tiger general name: Date of Yao Shan Shi: Sincere brave seals date: Law assorted Shang Aba pursues rash country: Chinese nation: Manchu and located times: Wan Qingqi book: Set yellow flag ancestral home: Jilin Yi connects birthplace: Yi connects collect of home of horse of southeast of Manchu autonomy county to be born time: The Christian era died 1834 time: The Christian era 1899 official position: A high official in ancient China of the Ministry of War in feudal China, examine courtyard is right the main achievement such as drive history: Beat back day, Russia inbreaks Yiketanga is quiet day last years of a dynasty or reign celebrated general, set yellow flag person for Manzhou, tie Ravi, hill of word Monarch Yao, the Christian era gave birth to Yu Yi to tell station of home of horse of southeast of Manchu autonomy county 1834. Disposition of Yi Ketang A is resolute, from a child likes to chase, drilled skill drives ejaculation good original story. Xian Feng 3 years, be classified of Yi Ketang A is full continent the Eight Banners " waists-coat " along with army call up is entered close, each district of fight in some places one by one, peace and tranquility of encircle and suppress army with the Nian Army, suppress farmer uprise. The expression in fighting according to gram Tang Azai is bold and powerful, spend plume top very quickly to wear because of achievement award, jin Xiao rides school, in case of monk of imperial envoy chancellery Lin Qinhui issues effectiveness later. Treat the first year of an era or the reign of an emperor together, fill 3 surnames set white flag assist to get, the farmer outside acting under orders to suppress Jilin to take a side army uprise, behead kills hair of country of Liu of uprise army chieftain, change assist get, grant " law assorted Shangabatulu " title. Subsequently Yiketanga acts under orders to move defend frontier region, resist for many times tsarist Russia inbreaks. Yiketanga tries hard to rectify armour of banner Wu, reparative arms outside the edge, invite erudite development culture, matters concerned of edge of defend of initiate have garrison troops or peasants open up wasteland and grow food grain, consolidate borderland, achievement is outstanding. Smooth mood 20 years, the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-1895 erupts, yiketanga asks rate army from effect, discuss go to Japanese army of Seoul meet head-on. Lead troops when Yiketanga arrive when giving a day, smooth soil already by the Japanese army occupational, then green river of duck of fight in some places one by one and Song Qing are collective assist defend matters pertaining to defense of duck green river. October of of the same age, the Japanese army is crossed by ford of guard of Korea water mouth river, come all right all the way be defeated of Qing Dynasty army, yiketanga leads a ministry to retreat Shou Kuandian. Subsequently with Nie Shicheng, one person defends market of Heilongjiang horse race, mountain of skyscraping of one person guard, two each other are corner, resist jointly the Japanese army of the 5th division inbreak. Liang Jun is in careless river mountain, Cui Jiafang, fencing home early or late stage and other places and Japanese army are at war, qing Jun is disastrous, general of Yi Ketang A always hill ambuscades in phoenix city experience be killed in battle. Yiketanga to conserve military strength, can retreat in defeat only. After this matter passes, according to Ketanga remove from post takes run, aftereffect of to in an attempt to. The Christian era 1895, rate ministry and grow the ministry such as suitable, Xu Bangdao, Song Qing, Li Guangjiu to be able to be mixed, counterattack sea wall, end in order to fail. Hereat at the same time, japan the first army the 5th division, take the advantage of Qing Jun to counterattack sea wall during, attack saddle hill. Distant this world, although depend on rush to the rescue of ministry of Ketanga, long suitable rate to succeed later