令金兵闻风丧胆的抗金名将

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:唐吉 将相故事 2017-06-18
字体:

1

南宋抗金名将很多,所谓中兴四将——岳飞、韩世忠、张俊、刘光世。但如果单以抗金取得的效果和对金兵南下的重创,以及对宋金战局的影响力来看,抗金的将领中,有一个被我们忽视的重要人物——刘铸。

刘锜,将门之后,父亲曾为泸川军节度使,刘铸生得相貌堂堂,自小弓马娴熟,武艺超群,全然不似官二代那样花天酒地,金玉其外。

刘锜饱读兵书,深晓韬略,尤其射得一手好箭,年少时跟随父亲征战,营门口立着一只贮水的大缸,刘铸张弓搭箭,一箭射穿大缸,缸中水如注激溅,那么大一个缸,目标大了去了,谁还射不中呀?

刘铸在哄笑声中再发一箭,见证奇迹的时候到了,此箭恰好堵住了孔洞,如注飞溅的水流戛然而止,哄笑声变成了啧啧的惊叹声,刘铸一箭就征服了父亲手下的骄兵悍将。

刘铸早年是在与西夏的征战中蜚声军旅的,据传西夏乳母恐吓啼哭的小孩,借用的就是刘铸的大名。

2

刘铸所率领的是八字军,八字军有个特点,脸上刺字“赤心报国,誓杀金贼”,八字军另一个特点是战时必带家眷。在顺昌之战中,刘锜的表现是战神级别的,先是破釜沉舟,自绝退路,然后诱敌深入,招募敢死队员,运用破袭战、夜战等多种计策,面对金人四面围攻,将士同仇敌忾,奋勇杀敌,以三千人击败了数倍于己的金兵。

金军统帅金兀术得知顺昌失利,提兵十万亲自增援。

金兀术所率精锐以“铁浮屠”、“拐子马”为两大必杀技能,何谓“铁浮屠”、“拐子马”?“铁浮屠”就是用重铠甲防护人与马,只露双眼,然后四马合一组成铁甲洪流,可抵流夭和滚石檑木。这是冷兵器时代最为先进的重装铁甲部队。“拐子马”就是两翼的轻骑兵,二者相得益彰,前面“铁浮屠”横冲直撞,坚不可摧,而后两翼轻骑兵趁势包抄,锐不可当,这种先进的战法,宋朝军队先前吃了不少亏。

金兀术以为刘锜只是个游手好闲的花花公子,并没有把对方放在眼里,因此兵贵神速,轻装前进,这样就大大降低了重装部队野战的效率。

刘铸亲自组织了一支针对“铁浮屠”、“拐子马”的特殊战队,他精心挑选特别能战斗特别能吃苦的军中勇士,人人手持长柄斧和长把标枪,专攻对方“铁浮屠”重装部队的马腿,一马既倒,余马难支,体量笨重,难以起身,“铁浮屠”成了破铜烂铁,再用标枪刺杀“拐子马”,金兵大乱,继而溃不成军,顺昌之战成为金人引以自豪的重装甲部队覆灭的末日。

顺昌之战,是南宋抗金防御战中最精彩的战例,是以少胜多、以弱胜强的经典战例,此役过后,金兵见刘铸大军,皆惊惶失措道“此顺昌旗帜也”,闻风丧胆,抱头鼠窜。

金人此前战无不胜攻无不克的重装铁甲部队“铁浮屠”,经刘铸发明的战阵打击后,只剩下不到三分之一的战力,后再经过岳飞的复制与粘贴,与刘锜如出一辙的战法,“铁浮屠”遭到毁灭性围歼后,从此彻底退出了冷兵器时代,耻辱性地谢幕了。

3

不过,顺昌大捷并未给刘锜带来好运,南宋的当权派深深嫉恨刘铸破坏了南宋的基本国策——和议,担心招致金人更为凶残的报复,所以对获胜后的刘铸不热反冷,甚至差点解除了他的兵权。再加上南宋统军大将各怀鬼胎,尤其是嫉贤妒能的张俊,经常私下里给刘铸穿小鞋。

有一次,张俊指使手下士兵纵火劫掠刘锜军营,刘锜带兵平乱,擒获一十六人,皆验明正身,枭首示众。

而后刘铸前往质问张俊,张俊傲慢地反问“我是宣抚级别的人物,你只不过是一个小小判官,为何要杀我的人?”

刘铸正色回道:“我怎么知道是你的人,我只杀劫贼。”

张俊狡辩:“我的人回来说,并未做过此等伤天害理之事。”然后叫来手下对质。

刘铸不卑不亢,慨然应对:“我是国家的将帅,如果有罪,大人当秉明朝廷,怎能与一些小老百姓们对质?”说完,长揖上马而去。

4

在张俊等人的谗言构陷下,在丞相秦桧的排挤打击下,刘铸终被解除兵权,任荆南知府。

在地方任上,刘铸为官一任,造福一方,荆南六年,刘铸兴修水利,治理蝗灾,留下了许多佳话。

六年后,刘锜因对朝政失望,挂冠留印,失望而去。

归隐湖南湘潭时,刘锜虽为名门之后,但他的家财尽皆投人军中,再加上他爱兵如子,所得俸禄皆散于他人,因此身无余财,极为清贫,归隐后日子过得非常拮据。

但刘锜天性好酒,经常到村中小酒馆小酌几杯,没钱就赊账,常常惹得店家喝三道四。

刘铸无可奈何,常常苦笑着摇头叹息。

一日,刘锜又触了霉头,感怀身世,叹息道:“百万番兵,我只等闲视之,如今却被山野村夫耻笑,时也,命也?”

回到偏僻小屋,刘铸便作了一首《鹧鸪天》:

竹引牵牛花满街,疏篱茅舍月光筛。琉璃盏内茅柴酒,白玉盘中簇豆梅。

休懊恼,且开怀,平生赢得笑颜开。三千里地无知己,十万军中挂印来。

5

刘铸后来又被朝廷起用。

绍兴三十一年(公元1161年),金主完颜亮再度调集大军南下,金人张牙舞爪,纷纷请命,但攻打刘铸军却无人敢领命,都被顺昌一战吓破了胆,气得完颜亮咬牙切齿,亲自统军与刘锜决一死战。, 此时刘锜却已病人膏肓,在忧愤成疾中刘铸吐血身亡,后被宋廷谥为“武穆”,与岳武穆一样尊贵荣耀,可惜相较耳熟能详的岳飞,后人甚少知道刘铸的事迹罢了。

Introduce:1 the Southern Song Dynasty fights golden famous general a lot of, alleged resurgence 4 world of —— Yue Fei, Han Shizhong, Zhang Jun, Liu Guang. But if the result that obtains in order to fight gold mixes sheet,inflict heavy losses on to what fall south Jin Bing, and in light of the consequence to war situation of gold of the Song Dynasty, in the general that fights gold, have an anybody —— Liu Zhu that is ignored by us. Liu Zuo , the door later, father ever was Lu plain army section to spend make, liu Zhu is born facial features is formidably, refined from small bow horse ripe, skill in wushu is preeminent, do not seem an official right-down 2 generation in that way indulge in dissipation, treasures outside its. Liu Zuo is full read a book of tactics, deep dawn military strategy, shoot skill is well especially arrow, junior when follow father go on an expedition, battalion doorway is establishing the big crock of water of a lay aside, liu casting Zhang Gong builds an arrow, one arrow is shot wear big crock, if the water in the crock is noted stimulate splash, so big a crock, the target became big went, who still shoots bos? Liu Zhu is in the reappearance in fooling laugh one arrow, when witnessing a miracle, arrived, this arrow stemmed fitly hole, if note splash to flow,stop abruptly, fooled laugh to turn the exclaim of click of the tongue into sound, the arrogant arms bold that one arrow of Liu Zhu conquered father falls with one's own hands will. Liu casting one's early years is to be in the go on an expedition with the Western Xia regime of brigade of become famous army, as it is said wet nurse of the Western Xia regime threatens the child of cry, those who use is Liu Zhu's name. What place of 2 Liu casting leads is character 8 army, character 8 army has a characteristic, word of the thorn on the face " bare heart dedicates oneself to the service of his motherland, oath kills golden thief " , character 8 army another characteristic is war take wife surely. In the battle that arranges prosperous, the expression of Liu Zuo is Ares level, it is burn one's boats first, alienate oneself leeway, lure next enemy thorough, recruit perdue, use a variety of plan such as sabotage operations, night fighting, face golden person all sides to besiege, share a bitter hatred of the enemy of officers and soldiers, courageously fight the enemy, beat with 3000 people multiple at personal Jin Bing. Art of stand upright of gold of golden army command is informed suitable prosperous to suffer a defeat, carry arms 100 thousand reinforce personally. Rate of place of art of golden stand upright is picked with " iron float massacre " , " abductor horse " for two reduce technical ability surely greatly, what is meant by " iron float massacre " , " abductor horse " ? "Iron float massacre " defend with heavy armor namely person and horse, show double eye only, next 4 horses syncretic constitutes armour powerful current, can touch shed die young and wood of Lei rolling stone. This is the reshipment armour army with cold enginery most advanced age. "Abductor horse " the hussar that is both wings, both bring out the best in each other, in front " iron float massacre " dash around madly, indestructible, after that both wings hussar takes advantage of a favorable situation outflank, cannot be held back, this kind of advanced war doctrine, army of government of the Song Dynasty ate many having a deficit before. Art of golden stand upright thinks Liu Zuo is a do-nothing playboy only, did not put opposite party in the eye, because of this speed is too important in war, light is ongoing, reduced the efficiency of reshipment unit field operations greatly so. Liu Zhu was organized personally