飞将军李广缘何难封侯

来源:鬼怪吧 作者: 将相故事 2017-01-08
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李广一生披荆斩棘。战功无数,最终却与“封侯”无缘。倒是他的死对头匈奴人给了他一个无冕封号——“飞将军”。自己的敌人都如此敬畏自己。为什么大汉王朝却如此吝啬呢?

其实,只要多加留意就不难发现。李广之所以至死没有封侯,不是因为朝廷厚此薄彼,有意怠慢,而是因为其所处的历史环境决定的。

大汉王朝开创不久,志得意满的刘邦就与匈奴人干上了。“白登山之围”,如一盆冷水。让刘邦看到了匈奴人的实力。也看到了大汉朝的积贫积弱。于是,刘邦及时调整国策。对匈奴采取“和亲政策”:对内则休养生息,与民生计。经过多年的励精图治,终于迎来了“文景之治”的辉煌,大汉王朝日益强盛。在这期间,汉朝的军事策略始终是战略防御,李广将军就是在这种大环境下成长起来的将军。如此一来,这个被匈奴人称之为“飞将军”的李广也就显得不那么重要了。

汉武帝刘彻即位后,国策发生了根本性的变化,汉武帝决定大规模对匈奴大规模用兵。战略防御转为战略进攻。

按说。正是建功立业的好机会。但此时李广已难以适应新的作战需要了,以前李广大都习惯于防御性作战,拒敌于国门之外,几乎没有率领大兵团深入匈奴腹地作战的经验。最初的几次战斗,李广都收获甚少,有一次还被匈奴人俘虏。虽侥幸逃脱。却也给“飞将军”留下了难以抹去的阴影。汉武帝本一代雄主,不论资历,不分年龄,不问出身,有功则奖,有过则罚,手段可谓雷霆万钧。

这种环境下。享有崇高声誉的李广很难有所建树。汉武帝正是看到了这一点,于是打破思维定式。大力提携年轻将领和优秀军事人才,像卫青、霍去病等就是在这种环境下脱颖而出的。这些人虽然出身低微。却具有超前的开拓精神和非凡的军事才能,行军作战往往不拘一格。具有很强的远程打击能力。

与这些年轻将领比,老将李广总是相形见绌,加之年龄已大,李广就更难在横扫匈奴的战争中发挥重大作用了。既然不能作为主将出战。李广就只能跟在这些年轻人身后配合。如此一来,论功行赏的时候,李广自然拿不出过硬的战绩,劳而无功,封侯又如何得以实现呢!

不封侯也就罢了,只要有仗打,终不失军人本色。但屋漏偏逢连阴雨,就在李广心里极度窝火的时候。有一次随大将军卫青出征匈奴,因迷路贻误军机,被二十出头的卫青责骂。以六十岁高龄征战沙场,这是何等气魄,如今却被一个年轻人责骂,李广不禁羞愧难当,一气之下,自杀身亡。

Introduce:Li Anyi gives birth to break through brambles and thorns-hack one's way through difficulties. Battle achievement countless, final however with " Feng Hou " without the predestined relationship. The person of dead correct Hun that is him gave him one seals date —— without crown " flying general " . Oneself enemy is so awe-stricken oneself. Why is big fellow dynasty so miserly however? Actually, want to add advertent not difficult discovery more only. Li Anzhi does not have Feng Hou to death so, because,not be imperial court say turkey to one and bazzard to another, intended and barratrous, decide because of its located history environment however. Big fellow dynasty is initiated before long, the Liu Bang that be fully contented works with Hun person went up. "Of Bai Dengshan surround " , be like a cold water. State letting Liu saw Hunnish actual strength. Also saw big fellow day accumulate deficient accumulating to lose. Then, liu Bang adjusts national policy in time. Adopt to Hun " with plan of take over the reins of government upon coming age " : Internally criterion rehabilitate, with the people's livelihood plan. Through old arouse one's all efforts to make the country prosperous, greeted eventually " Wen Jingzhi is treated " brilliant, big fellow dynasty is increasingly powerful and prosperous. During this, martial strategy of Han Chao is strategic defence from beginning to end, li An's general is planted in this namely the general that rise grows below big environment. Come so, this by Hun person for " flying general " Li An also appears so not important. After accession of thorough of Liu of Chinese fierce emperor, national policy produced the change of essential sex, decision of Chinese fierce emperor is large-scale large-scale to Hun resort to arms. Strategic defence turns to be attacked for the strategy. Ordinarily. Build just about result the main chance that establishs line of business. But right now Li An already got used to new fighting to need hard, li An is used to defence sex fighting mostly previously, refus enemy at the country besides the door, did not lead the experience that hinterland of Hun of development of large troop formation fights almost. A few first actions, li An is harvested very little, return once by Hun person captive. Although escape by good luck. Also give however " flying general " stayed hard the shadow of efface. Chinese fierce emperor this generation is male advocate, no matter qualifications and record of service, do not divide the age, pay no attention to one's previous experience, award of criterion of have rendered great service, had had punish, as powerful as a thunderbolt of method it may be said. Below this kind of environment. Enjoy the Li An of great reputation to make a contribution very hard somewhat. Chinese fierce emperor saw this just about, break thinking formulary then. Energetically guide and support is young general and talent of outstanding military affairs, wait like disease of Wei Qing, Huo Qu even if show itself below this kind of environment. Although these people are low-born. Have the pioneering spirit of lead and extraordinary martial ability however, march fights often not stick to one pattern. Have very strong long-range blow capacity. Compare with these young high-ranking military officer, veteran Li An always is inferior by comparison, together with age is old already, li An produces major effect harder in the war of Hun of sweep anything away. Since cannot be made,give fight for chief commander. Li An can follow in these youth back to cooperate only. Come so, of award people according to their contributions