戚继光“密码诗”消灭敌寇

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:简爱 历史故事 2017-05-23
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明嘉靖年间,政治腐败武备怠懈,寇匪盘踞民不聊生。1561 年,倭寇疯狂侵犯兴化,守城参将侯熙暗通敌寇坐视不管,致使兴化府城周围村镇血流成河,百姓苦不堪言。

1562 年,戚继光受命率师自浙江驰援福建,不料在进军途中因向导通敌,部队被引入岔道,路窄难行,队伍腹背受敌,尽管打了胜仗却损失惨重。随后戚继光满怀沉痛,率领残部班师回浙。次年年底,一名京军带着加急圣旨直闯戚继光的军帐。戚继光听罢圣命大惊失色。

原来,在戚家军撤离福建后,倭寇卷土重来,纠集6000 多人包围了兴化府城。广东总兵刘显奉令率兵从福州增援,派8 名士兵先去府城联络。8 人在途中全部被倭寇杀死。倭寇扒下他们衣服穿在自己身上,并带着伪造的刘显书信混进城中,里应外合一举占领兴化府。朝廷大震,急调俞大猷任福建总兵,派谭论为福建巡抚主持抗倭军事,命戚继光火速增援。

戚继光愁眉紧锁。除兵力严重不足外,燃眉之急就是先要跟两位大臣取得联系。然而,倭寇奸诈狡猾,接连设局陷明军于被动。鉴于前两次的惨痛教训,怎样才能确保书信安全送达,成了戚继光面前的拦路虎。他急火攻心,束手无策。

转眼过了除夕。这日,戚继光骑着战马去视察招募新兵的情况,正低头凝眉之时,一根长绳横亘鼻梁。戚继光勒马定睛,方才看明白是城中百姓为过上元节准备灯谜。他若有所思,顿时眼前一亮,计上心来。

到了募军处,戚继光即刻命人拿来笔墨纸砚,挥毫写下两首诗歌。一首是:“柳边求气低,波他争日时。莺蒙语出喜,打掌与君知。”另一首是:“春花香,秋山开,嘉宾欢歌须金杯,孤灯光辉烧银缸。之东郊,过西桥,鸡声催初天,奇梅歪遮沟。”随后又分别给谭论、俞大猷和刘显写了一封通篇只有数字的信。他叫几个贴心随从把这两首诗铭刻脑海,并让他们乔装改扮后,火速把信送往各位大人。

三位将帅收到信后喜出望外,用同样只有数字的信函互通了消息,并一边紧锣密鼓严密部署,一边等待戚家军的到来。1563 年4 月,戚继光率部抵达兴化城东亭,作为中路主攻,与左路明山的刘显部、右路秀山的俞大猷部三路夹击,一举歼灭了盘踞在许厝的倭寇,救出被掳群众3000 多人。自此,兴化倭患消除。

只有数字的信函跟这两首诗到底有何关系呢?原来,戚继光用这两首诗,首创了人类历史上第一次用于军事情报的反切码,他取前一首诗的前15个字的声母,依次编号为1 到15;取后一首诗36 个字的韵母,编号1 到36;再将当时的八种声调也按顺序编上1 到8 的号码。这样就形成了完整的“反切码”体系,比如:数字5-25-2,切出来就是“敌”。他让送信人牢记诗歌后当面背给三位将领,就是考虑到即使信落到倭寇手里,他们无论如何也不会想到这样一堆数字竟然会是军事信函。

之后,戚继光在此基础上专门编写了一本《八音字义便览》,用来训练专业情报人员及通信兵,为中国乃至世界军事的发展起到了举足轻重的作用。

Introduce:Ming Jiajing year, lax of idle of political corruption defense preparation, bandit bandit illegallies or forcibly occupy the masses have no means to live. 1561, japanese pirates insanity is encroached promote change, defend a city to without giving thought to,join sit by and watch of bandit of Jiang Houxi dark collaborate, cause promote bourg blood stream becomes a river all round the city that turn seat of government, common people suffering can'ts bear character. 1562, qi Jiguang recieves orders rate division from Fujian of Zhejiang rush to the rescue, marching unexpectedly in road because of guide collaborate, army is introduced crossroad, the road is narrow difficult travel, team be attacked front and rear, although called victorious battle disastrous however. Subsequently Qi Jiguang is full of deep feeling of grief, lead incomplete ministry to return after victory a short for Zhejiang Province. Second year the end of the year, a Beijing army is being taken urgent the army account that imperial edict charges Qi Jiguang continuously. Qi Jiguang listens holy life turns pale with fright. Original, after Qi Jiajun withdraws Fujian, japanese pirates stage a come back, 6000 much people surrounded get together to start the city that turn seat of government. Liu Xianfeng of Guangdong total arms makes lead Bing Congfu city to reinforce, send 8 soldiers to go first contact of government office city. 8 people are killed by Japanese pirates entirely during transit. Japanese pirates gathers up next their dresses are worn go up in him body, in taking bogus Liu Xianshu to believe infiltrate city, with one action of collaborate from within with forces from outside is occupational promote turn seat of government. Imperial court big shock, move Yu Dayou urgently to hold the post of Fujian total arms, clique Tan Lun is stroked for Fujian make one's rounds chair the military affairs that fight an old name for Japan, light of life relative afterwards reinforces at top speed. Qi Jiguang knitted brows is locked up closely. Outside be not worth badly except military strength, an extremely urgency wants to get in touch with two chancellery first namely. However, japanese pirates is crafty and tricky, set bureau defect Ming Jun one after another at passivity. In view of before two bitter lesson, how does ability ensure epistolary and safe service, became the obstacle before Qi Jiguang. He is urgent fire attack heart, be at a loss what to do. Crossed the New Year's Eve in an instant. This day, qi Jiguang is riding steed to inspect the condition of recruit recruit, lowering his head to coagulate eyebrow when, one grows bridge of the nose of stringy lie across. Fix eyes on of Qi Jiguang draw bit, look just now understanding is the common people in the city go up to pass yuan of section preparation riddles written on lanterns. If he is thought of somewhat, shine at the moment immediately, plan on the heart comes. Reached collect army point, person of life of Qi Jiguang immediateness takes writing paper inkstone, wield one's writing brush write down two poetry. One is: "Liu Bian seeks gas low, wave when he contends for day. Warbler unconscious language goes happy event, hit palm and Jun Zhi. " another is: "Spring flower is sweet, qiu Shan leaves, honored guest joyous song needs golden cup, gu lamp brightness burns silver-colored crock. east outskirt, over- on the west the bridge, gallinaceous sound is urged first day, channel of strange plum crooked block. " gave Tan Lun, Yu Dayou and Liu Xian to write to open a letter that has a number only respectively again subsequently. He calls a few close accompany to imprint these two poems brain, let their disguise change after playing the part of, send the letter toward everybody to Your Excellency at top speed. 3 will handsome the be overjoyed after receiving a letter, understood a word with the letter each other that has a number only likewise, and at the same time intense exact disposition, await Qi Jiajun's arrival at the same time. In April 1563, ministry of Qi Jiguang rate is arrived at promote the Dong Ting that turn a city,