料事如神的三国奇士

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:范祥 历史人物 2017-06-27
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三国时期,东吴有个奇士叫作虞翻,是个料事如神的奇士,平时惜字如金,但每言必中。

虞翻最早是会稽太守王朗的副手,此时小霸王孙策正在扩充地盘,兵临会稽城下时,虞翻时逢为父服丧,来不及脱掉丧服,就急忙面见王朗,劝说其暂避锋芒,早早跑路。

王朗不听劝说,仓促应战,结果兵败,丢掉了地盘。

虞翻本来打算誓死跟随旧主,后因母亲年老,在王朗劝说下返回会稽。孙策亲临虞翻家中拜访,极尽优待,虞翻跟随了孙策。

孙策喜欢外出游玩打猎,虞翻不止一次正色劝诫,“主公啊,你喜欢微服出行,有时率性而为,警卫们都来不及制定安保计划,警力又非常分散,非常令人苦恼。这几年你驰骋沙场,左冲右杀的,得罪了不少人,小心被仇家侦知,最好立即停止这种冒险行为。”

孙策不以为然,自我辩解道,“你说的都对,但我要时刻思考军国大事,内心烦躁,外出放松一下,有利于产生灵感,电光火闪下就有新的计谋了。”

结果,孙策不听虞翻劝告,仇人设下埋伏,将其射死。

孙策死后,各地官员准备跋山涉水前往吊唁,唯独虞翻坚持己见,认为吊唁是小,防御是大。他劝告各级官员,江东初定,乱象丛生,如果撤离岗位,就会给乱民和盗匪以可乘之机,侵州扰县,后患无穷。

于是,他坚持留在守地服丧。

各地官员纷纷效法,江东政局得以稳定,有人本想趁孙策死后,夺取东吴大权酝酿兵变,因江东诸郡早有防范而谋逆未遂。

孙策被刺杀后,虞翻多次婉言谢绝了曹操和东汉政府的举荐,坚定地跟随了孙策的弟弟——孙权。

孙权任命虞翻为骑都尉,后因虞翻多次进谏,冒犯了孙权,又与同僚处理不好关系,遭到贬谪,被流放到了泾县。

孙权手下大将吕蒙图谋攻占关羽守卫的荆州,因为虞翻医术高超而随军征伐。

不久,吕蒙偷袭南郡,守将投降。吕蒙在巨大的胜利中冲昏了头脑,就在督师挥军进城之际,虞翻拦住马头,劝告吕蒙:“小心城中有埋伏,虽然南郡守将已降,但是忠于关羽的将士仍不少,当务之急是占据城池要地,让其埋伏落空。”

吕蒙依计而行,粉碎了城中伏兵之计,正是因为虞翻的明察秋毫和运筹帷幄,致使荆州最终城破,关羽也丧失了最后一丝可能救赎的机会。

后来,吕蒙白衣渡江,袭取了荆州,孙权很想测试一下虞翻是不是真的料事如神,于是让他占卜一下,预见一下关羽的命运。

虞翻于是占卜了一番,用卦象得出,关羽不出两天,必被杀头伏尸。

结果呢,关羽果真败走麦城,兵败被杀。

虽然虞翻才识过人,料事如神,又对东吴孙氏政权忠心耿耿,那么缘何孙权始终对其不冷不热,没有提拔重用呢?

纵观虞翻一生,多次被人一脚踢出主流圈子,游离于政坛边缘,始终难以咸鱼翻身,又是为何呢?这里就要说到虞翻的个性使然了,虞翻性情疏直,敢于犯颜直谏,心里藏不住事,敢作敢为,口无遮拦,容是得罪人,引起众怒,此皆为官场之大忌。

曹魏名将于禁被关羽所俘,后来,孙权义释了他。

有一天,孙权请于禁与其骑马同行,虞翻见到后,义愤填膺地指责:“你就是个俘虏,有什么资格和我家主公同,。行?”并作势用马鞭抽打于禁,被孙权呵斥。

一天,孙权与群臣在楼船宴饮,于禁忍不住在歌舞声中放声大哭,虞翻怒火万丈,起身斥责:“喂,你还要不要脸?凭什么在这儿装模作样地乞求宽恕?”不仅弄得于禁灰头土脸的,也让本来一副好心情的孙权一时下不来台,孙权很是愤懑。

对降将一针见血,毫不留情,口诛笔伐,对于东吴首脑人物孙权,虞翻的性子上来后,仍然不管不顾。

孙权当了吴王后,在朝堂上犒赏文武官员,就在宴席快要结束的时候,孙权亲自举杯劝酒。走到虞翻面前时,虞翻假装醉酒,倒在地上装死狗,始终不肯端杯,等到孙权过去后,虞翻一头从地上弹起来,生回原位。

这下,惹恼了孙权,太过分了,一点都不给主人面子,孙权拔剑就要砍杀虞翻。

大司农刘基见状,一把抱住孙权,劝解道,“大王不可杀掉如此有名望的读书人,即使虞翻有罪,人们也会说你醉酒杀人。何况大王你礼贤下士,因而四方来仪,不可因小失大,徒留恶名。”

孙权怒火难消,嚷嚷道,“曹孟德杀狂生孔融,我杀个虞翻又有何不可?”

刘基再劝,“曹操杀读书人,已然得到天下非议,大王你是一个效仿尧舜的人,又怎能轻易杀人呢?”虞翻因此而免死。

虞翻并未吸取教训,仍然是直言不讳,

一次,重臣张昭和吴主孙权在那儿研究问题,双方辩论鬼神之说,眼看张昭唾沫星子乱溅,侃侃而谈,虞翻又忍不住了,他跳起来指着张昭鼻子说:“你们都是要死的人,还辩论什么神仙,这世上哪里来的神仙?”

气得孙权七窍生烟,把虞翻发配到了越南,那时越南是东吴的地盘。

虞翻到了蛮夷之地交州后,潜心研究学问,广收门徒授课,对孙权的施政策略不时品头论足。

有一年,孙权派将军到辽东求马,虞翻认为路途遥远,徒劳无益,派人捎话给孙权,不曾想再被中伤构陷,再一次被发配。

东吴求马的将军果然如虞翻所见,海上遭遇风暴,又被曹魏军队攻击,死伤惨重。此时孙权才大感后悔,想起了虞翻的忠心耿直和料事如神,赶紧派人寻找虞翻,可惜此时虞翻已经在流放中客死他乡,终年七十岁。

Introduce:Period of the Three Kingdoms, east Wu You strange person call anxiety to break up, be a predict with miraculous accuracy is strange person, at ordinary times cherish word is like gold, but every Yan Bizhong. One anxiety breaks up the earliest it is meeting check the assistant of viceregal Wang Lang, right now Sun Ce of small Xiang Yu the Conqueror is in augment domain, arms when facing meeting check city to fall, when anxiety breaks up, meet the be in mourning that it is father, have not enough time to take off mourning apparel, hastily the face sees Wang Lang, persuade its of short duration to avoid ability, run early road. Wang Lang does not listen persuade, brash accept a challenge, result arms is defeated, desertioned domain. Anxiety turns over original plan dare to die to follow old advocate, hind because the mother is aged, next returning is persuaded in Wang Lang meeting check. Sun Ce visits anxiety to break up visit in the home, extremely use up give special treatment, anxiety breaks up followed Sun Ce. Sun Ce is outgoing amuse oneself hunts, anxiety breaks up more than pure colors dissuasive, "Advocate fair, you like small take a travel, lead a gender sometimes and be, guard people have not enough time to make security plan, alarm force very dispersive, make a person pained very much. A few this years you gallop battlefield, zun Chong is right kill, offended many people, take care to be known by enemy home detect, had better suspend action of this kind of adventure instantly. " Sun Ce objects, ego explains, "What you say is right, but I always should ponder over army country important matter, inner be agitated, go out loosen, be helpful for producing inspiration, fire of light produced by electricity shines fall to have new scheme. " result, sun Ce does not listen anxiety turns over an advice, personal enemy sets next ambuscading, shoot its dead. After Sun Ce is dead, before each district official prepares postscript hill ford, go to condole, supposition alone only break up hold to oneself see, thinking to condole is small, defence is big. He urges various official, jiang Dongchu is decided, random elephant is fascicular, if withdraw post, can give chaos civilian and bandits with an opportunity given by, invade city faze county, future trouble is boundless. Then, he insists to stay in the be in mourning that defend the ground. Each district official is followed the example of in succession, political situation is able to stabilize Jiangdong, after somebody wants to take the advantage of Sun Ce to die originally, capture east Wu Daquan brews mutiny, because Jiang Dongzhu county has early,be on guard and seek go against abortive. 2 Sun Ce by assassinate hind, anxiety broke up for many times to politely decline government of Cao Cao and the Eastern Han Dynasty recommend, followed sturdily Sun Quan of little brother —— . Sun Quan appoints anxiety to break up to ride Dou Wei, break up for many times to enter expostulate with because of anxiety after, affront Sun Quan, handle bad relation with colleague again, banish from the court, was gone to by banish county of short for the Jinghe River. Unconscious conspire of Lv of general of Sun Quan at hand razzias the Jing Zhou that passes a ward, because anxiety turns over medical skill excellent and along with army go on a punitive expedition. Before long, lv covers the county austral sneak attack, defend will surrender. Lv Meng developed brains in tremendous victory, go into town in Shi Huijun of superintend and director during, anxiety breaks up block Ma Tou, advise Lv Meng: "Have in careful city ambuscade, although Na Jun is defended,already will fall, but devoted to Guan Yu's officers and soldiers still many, urgent affairs is to occupy city important place, let its ambuscade come to nothing. " Lv