与皇帝同奢共俭的高力士

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:禾铭 历史人物 2017-06-19
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唐玄宗开元十八年(公元730年)的时候,皇帝李隆基就十分宠信宦官,往往让他们当三品中将,宦官府门前也是旌旗猎猎、仪仗森严。宦官奉命出使经过各州,那些沿途地方官吏都得像侍候大爷一样奉承侍候他们,生怕有了怠慢被他们在皇帝面前阴参一本。所以官员们给宦官的贿赂也特别大方,每次宦官下去视察,相当于是大发横财。京城长安周围的豪华住所,三分之一以上都挂上了宦官的户头。

而在宦官当中,高力士、杨思勖当然是他们之中的佼佼者,一文一武,最得宠幸。

高力士受到皇帝的宠幸那是前所未有的,唐朝宦官的权力也达到了前所未有的顶峰。

高力士是当时的“影子皇帝”,几乎每天都在皇宫里帮皇帝看各地奏章,代行皇帝职权,而且小一点的事情由老高帮皇帝代办了,也就是说高力士当时是二皇帝,职权比所有内侍外臣都大。

李隆基还十分得意地表 扬老高:“高力士当值,我睡觉 最安心最香甜。”

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高力士是太监,按理说是不具备结婚条件的,但是,当时的官员们都希望能把自己的女儿嫁给高力士,以求自己的“远大光景”。

最终,高公公娶了一名官员的、被誉为国花的女儿为妻。

高力士当然投桃报李,在皇帝跟前一阵美言,岳父被提拔为四品少卿。

当高力士的岳母去世后,朝野上下的政治公关又开始了,大小官员都争先恐后前去吊唁致祭,当然也不会忘了大包小包地去,总之从他家门口一直到墓地,简直就是车水马龙络绎不绝,像赶集一样热闹,堪比王侯将相级别的葬礼。

即使如此铺张浪费高调腐败,已经腐败惯了的李隆基也当然不会责怪,小巫见大巫也没什么好说的。

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高力士原本也是一个官宦世家子弟,因株连罪被抄家,后成了太监。他家学渊博,能文能武,有着非凡的政治眼光和处理政事的决断能力,所以李隆基给他二皇帝的权力也是有理由的,因为他确实有政治才能。

他曾参与了李隆基前期的两次重要的政治斗争,在拥立李隆基为太子和皇帝的两次宫廷政变中,他都旗帜鲜明地站在了李隆基一边,并积极出谋划策,颇有大将之风,所以深得李隆基的信任和宠爱,从此不离左右。他和皇帝称兄道弟、情同手足,成,为核心决策层人员。

一次,唐玄宗李隆基和高力士讨论国家大事,表示现在天下太平,国富民强,他准备把权力交给宰相李林甫。

高力士没有对李林甫加以恭维,还提醒皇帝说权柄不要轻易授人,不然的话被其利用权力兴风作浪,国家堪忧啊。

唐玄宗听后立马感到十分不快,你这不是变相骂我老糊涂吗?

皇帝不高兴,后果很严重。善于变通的老高也立马做了自我批评,说皇上不要和臣计较什么的,你就当我胡说八道就行。

李隆基一听到老友如此一说,于是又亲热地拍着他的肩膀说,没事。来,喝酒,于是又当没事发生过一样,这也就是老高的所谓“谏而不犯”吧?

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奸相李林甫早就知道皇帝李隆基只想娱乐不再勤政爱民,于是就动歪脑筋专门惑主,有意充实关中,造成长安一带蓄积殷富的假象,让李隆基产生天下到处富得流油、国泰民安的错觉,用以助长李隆基志得意满、骄傲自大的情绪。

果然不出所料,李隆基以为天下如此富庶,自己也算是功德圆满,退隐之意立现,诸事让李林甫打理。

高力士表现出正气凛然的样子,找机会向皇帝批评奸相李林甫误国害民。高力士还看出了节度使安禄山的狼子野心,给昏头昏脑的李隆基旁鼓侧击地敲了一下警钟。

当然,高力士的铮铮谏言,李隆基基本上当是放屁一样,依然宠信奸相和野心家边将,没有任何改变。

这年秋天,滂沱大雨连续狂下了六十多天,有点天怒人怨的味道,各地受灾严重,庄稼减收了一大半。

李隆基看到天公发怒,自己居然也有点心慌。这次,高力士居然没有再耍滑头,甚至有点严厉地批评了恩主李隆基不理朝政、荒淫误国的错误做法,可能也算是生命中最激烈的一次了。因为事情已经到了十分危急的时候,可能连生命也置之度外了,做宦官做到这种爱主爱国程度,虽然不能与造纸的蔡伦和航海的郑和的历史地位相比,也算是难能可贵了。

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安史之乱爆发,唐朝政权命悬一线,直到杨贵妃命丧马嵬坡,李隆基才悔恨交加地对高力士哭诉道:“悔不听卿言,致有今日之祸!”

历时8年的安史之乱虽然被平定,但耗费了大唐太多的元气,唐朝一蹶不振。

唐肃宗上元元年(公元760年),做太上皇已久的皇室“三无”人员——无面、无权、无职的李隆基,总是闷闷不乐地想找人聊天,了解国内形势,以解老来之寂寞心灵,即使是如此可怜的愿望也让人加以阻拦。因拥立太子为帝有功的大宦官李辅国,知道肃宗父子心有芥蒂互相提防,也怕李隆基暗中发力卷土重来,于是诬奏李隆基与高力士“日与外人交通”,有不轨举动,密谋把李隆基从兴庆宫迁至太极宫加以管制。

他们先骗李隆基到太极宫玩乐,当李隆基骑马行至睿武门时,以李辅国为首的五百名全副武装的禁军,借机拦住了李隆基一行的去路,命令他们全部移居太极宫。李隆基受惊差点整个人掉下马来。

高力士当然看出了李辅国来者不善,二边稳住唐玄宗,一边上前厉声斥责李辅国:“你面前的人是当过皇帝的,你不过是我的手下,不宜无礼,赶紧下马!”

不可一世的李辅国果然发了呆,回过神后才阴阳怪气地冷笑道:“高公公,现在是什么时候了,你还真是榆木脑袋不开窍!”这个当然是赤裸裸的威胁,随后还气急败坏地一刀砍死了站在高力士身边的一名小宦官。

高力士知道李辅国来横的了,求饶也没有用,再也没有退路了。丰富的从政经验使他立马有了应对措施,于是直接对那五百禁军士兵大喊道:“见了太上皇,还都不快跪,难道你们没有王法不成!”

五百禁军都被高力士的气概镇住了,然后跪倒齐呼“太上皇万福。”

剑拔弩张的局面总算是解除了,不过聪明伶俐的高力士也知道死罪可恕活罪难饶,去太极宫受监管那是不可避免的了,于是他命令道:“李辅国拢马!”

骄横的李辅国居然也鬼使神差没脾气地乖乖把马缰绳拉住,与高力士一左一右牵着唐玄宗的马,一路顺风顺水地把李隆基平安护送到了太极宫。

后来李隆基还握住高力士的手千恩万谢地说:“没有你我早就成为刀下鬼矣!”

最终,李隆基去世后,高力士成了皇帝唯一陪葬人,有人还据此说他是“千古贤宦”,不管怎么样,他生为李隆基生,死为李隆基死,两个人荣辱与共了后半生。

Introduce:1 Tang Xuan Zong Kaiyuan 18 years (the Christian era 730 years) when, imperial Li Longji very specially trust eunuch, often let them become 3 taste a lieutenant general, eunuch also is forbidding of hunt of hunt of banners and flags, flags before government office door. Eunuch acts under orders be sent on a diplomatic mission passes each state, those on the way local government official gets adulatory like lackey uncle lackey they, for fear that had slight shade joins before emperor be been in by them. The bribery that so officials give eunuch is particularly easy also, every time eunuch goes down to inspect, comparative to send ill-gotten wealth greatly then. The luxurious dwelling place all round capital Chang'an, 1/3 above hanged the account of eunuch. And between eunuch, gaolishi, Yang Saixu is the person above average in them of course, one Wen Yiwu, most be in sb's good graces Is hope. Gaolishi gets of the emperor bestowing favor on favour is unprecedented then, the influence of Tang Chao eunuch also reached unprecedented peak. Gaolishi is at that time " shadow emperor " , help an emperor see each district memorial to the throne in palace everyday almost, powers and authorities of office of emperor of act on one's behalf, and a bit smaller business helps an emperor do sth for sb by Laogao, that is to say Gaolishi at that time is 2 emperors, comparing of powers and authorities of office is all inside Shi Waichen is big. Li Longji returns ten cent great to praise Laogao: "Gaolishi should is worth, I sleep most set one's mind at the sweetest. " 2 Gao Li person are eunuch, saying normally is to be not had marry of the condition, but, the officials at that time hope can marry oneself daughter to Gaolishi, him in an attempt to " ambitious about " . Final, tall farther-in-law married an official, the daughter that is known as national flower is wife. Gaolishi of course exchange gifts, it is in front of the emperor a put in a good word for sb, farther-in-law is promoted to be 4 Pin Shaoqing. After Gaolishi's mother-in-law dies, the political public relations that falls on the government and the public began again, size official is condoled before strive to be the first send hold a memorial ceremony for, also won't forget ground of packets of big packet goes of course, anyhow arrives all the time from his door mouth graveyard, it is heavy traffic in an endless stream simply, lively like go to market, can compares the funeral of level of photograph of Wang Hou general. Even so grandiose waste is high-key and corrupt, already corrupt be used to Li Longji also of course won't blame, be outshone also never mind is good say. 3 Gao Li person also are children of an official old and well-known family originally, because of blame of involve others in a criminal by search sb's house and confiscate his property, epigenesis eunuch. His home learns broad and profound, can Wen Nengwu, having extraordinary political vision and the capacity of make a decision that handle government affairs, the power that so Li Longji gives him 2 emperors also is well-founded, because he has political ability really. He ever participated in serious politics twice of Lilong radical early days to struggle, in embracing two palace coup that establish Li Longji to be prince and emperor, he banner brightly stands in Li Longji at the same time, give counsel actively, have the wind of the general quite, get Li Longji greatly so