唐朝第一太监高力士

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:朱炯 历史人物 2017-04-30
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在关于唐朝的影视作品中,高力士是个不可或缺的角色,称之为唐朝第一太监毫不过分。

高力士原名冯元一,说起来也是一位贵公子,他的曾祖当过高州总督,受封耿国公;他的父亲世袭祖上军功,担任潘州刺史。

后来,他的父亲因受到一桩谋反案牵连而被抄家。当时年仅十几岁的冯元一被阉割成为太监。

他长相清秀,入宫后得到武则天的喜爱,但后来因犯错被逐出宫。这时,太监高延福将他收为养子,从此改名为高力士。

在此期间,高力士随高延福经常在武三思家走动,武则天见了,又把他召进宫。

高力士二次进宫后,变得非常谨慎,也懂得了察言观色。不过,高力士并没有变得软弱。

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武则天时期,李隆基默默无闻,高力士在此时成为他的心腹。

武则天死后,朝政混乱,高力士协助李隆基杀死了韦皇后和太平公主及其党羽。后来,高力士升任右监门卫将军,成为当时的“第一太监”,并开了太监担任军职、掌握兵权的先河。

成为唐玄宗的李隆基对高力士十分信任,甚至一些奏折都先交由高力士过目。因此,不仅朝廷官员巴结高力士,公主、太子都对他非常恭敬。

高力士娶了一名女子做老婆,他的妻子被称为“国花”。

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高力士没有辜负唐玄宗的信任,他忠心耿耿,在复杂的政治斗争中屡献奇谋。

上元元年,已退位的唐玄宗被逼“迁官”。

高力士挺身而出,指着太监李辅国大骂。李辅国恼羞成怒,杀了高力士的一个侍从,唐玄宗和侍从们都吓得发抖,只有高力士对挡道的士兵喊道:“太上皇起驾,还不放下手中兵器,高呼万岁!”

最后,李辅国跳下马叩拜太上皇。

事后,唐玄宗感慨:如果不是高力士,他早巳成了兵士的刀下之鬼。

唐肃宗时期,太监李辅国掌权,高力士被流放。后来,唐玄宗、唐肃宗先后离世,高力士听说后痛哭流涕,吐血而亡。

Introduce:1 in the work of movie and TV about Tang Chao, gaolishi is an indispensable part, say for Tangchaodi one eunuch fine long hair is divided nevertheless. Original name of Gao Li person Feng Yuan one, saying also is a childe, his great-grandfather becomes exorbitant state governor, suffer a Geng Guogong; His father is descendent ancestors milistary exploit, hold the position of Pan state feudal provincial or prefectural governor. Later, because his father gets embroil of case of one picket rebel and by search sb's house and confiscate his property. At that time year only teen-age Feng Yuan is emasculated become eunuch. His appearance is comely, enter what Wu Zetian gets after palace to love, but later because err by expulsive palace. At this moment, eunuch Gao Yanfu receives him for nursling, from now on incognito for Gaolishi. During this, gaolishi often thinks carefully in fierce along with Gao Yanfu the home ambulates, wu Zetian saw, enter his call together again palace. After Gaolishi enters palace 2 times, become very careful, also knew carefully watch what sb is doing and saying. Nevertheless, gaolishi did not become weak. 2 Wu Zetian period, li Longji unknown to public, gaolishi is in the reliable agent that becomes him right now. After Wu Zetian is dead, disorder of affairs of state, after Gaolishi assisted Li Longji to kill Wei Huang, with peace and tranquility the princess reachs its aherents. Later, tall Li Shisheng assumes put sb on the spot of right prison entrance guard, become at that time " the first eunuch " , opened eunuch to hold the position of the official post in the army, beginning that masters military power. The Li Longji that becomes Tang Xuan an administrative unit in Xizang is very trustful to Gaolishi, even a few memorial to the throne are handed in first by Gaolishi look over. Accordingly, not only imperial court official insinuates Gaolishi, princess, prince is very deferential to him. Gaolishi married a woman to do wife, his wife is called " national flower " . 3 Gao Li person do not have the accredit of Xuan Zong of disappoint the Tang Dynasty, he is loyal and devoted, display repeatedly in complex political fight strange seek. Go up yuan of the first year of an era or the reign of an emperor, already the Tang Xuan of give up the throne ancestor be forced " change official " . Gaolishi come out boldly, show Li Fuguo tongue-lashs an eunuch. Li Fuguo be ashamed into anger, killed attendants of Gaolishi, tang Xuan an administrative unit in Xizang and attendants people frighten so that quiver, only Gaolishi cries to arms of taxi of in the way: "Drive since a title assumed by an emperor's father who abdicated in favor of his son, still do not drop the weapon in the hand, tall hurrah! " finally, li Fuguo jumps down a horse to kowtow do obeisance to a title assumed by an emperor's father who abdicated in favor of his son. After the event, tang Xuan an administrative unit in Xizang sighs with emotion: If not be Gaolishi, he is early the ghost below the knife that Si became a soldier. Period of Tang Su an administrative unit in Xizang, in power of eunuch Li Fuguo, gaolishi is exiled. Later, tang Xuan an administrative unit in Xizang, Tang Su an administrative unit in Xizang dies early or late, after Gaolishi hears of, weep bitterly, haematemesis and die.