做官当如吕蒙正

来源:鬼怪吧 作者: 历史人物 2017-02-25
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吕蒙正,宋初名臣,是宋朝第一个从平民走出的宰相,也是第一个书生宰相和状元宰相。

吕蒙正出身官宦人家,却自幼家境贫寒。而从小带给他这种灰暗人生经历的不是别人,正是他的父亲。

吕蒙正的父亲妻妾成群,却与原配夫人刘氏不合,吕蒙正很小的时候,家里就发生了一幕狗血剧情,小三打败了原配,刘氏和吕蒙正被赶出家门。

母亲发誓不再嫁人。与吕蒙正在贫困交加中苦苦度日。

因茅屋为秋风所破,吕蒙正曾经寄身尼姑庵,受尽世人歧视。为了生存,他也曾在街头做流浪艺人,卖字求生,备受凌辱。吕蒙正发愤苦读,以一己之力改变了自己命运。

有一年夏天,在洛城东南的伊水旁边,吕蒙正看见了一个瓜摊,很想去买瓜解馋,却因囊中羞涩而不敢问津,看见有人扔在地上的瓜就趁人不注意,偷偷地捡起来吃。

做官后,吕蒙正有古代名臣之风。

吕蒙正刚刚被任命为宰相时,有一天上朝时,一句刺耳的话从身后传来,一位同事指着他的背影不屑一顾地说,此人也配做宰相?

吕蒙正装着没有听见,快步走了过去。

有人看不过去了,询问此人姓名,。吕蒙正制止道,如果知道他的姓名,就会终身不忘,不如一辈子不知道的好。同僚们都很佩服吕蒙正的肚量。

有一年,宋太宗亲自主办元宵宴会,看到大宋帝国一派歌舞升平的繁华景象,不由得自我感觉良好,说道:“想当年宋朝没有建立时,天上有彗星警示,地上有火灾扰民,天下多么不太平啊!现在朕励精图治,天下太平,一片盛世景象啊!”

大臣们纷纷夸奖皇帝的功德,一片山呼万岁声。

这时,吕蒙正从容离座,缓缓进言:“皇上您去的地方,许多人精心侍弄,所以看上去非常繁华。我曾经出城不到数里,而看到饿死的老百姓到处都是,人民流离失所,全然不是陛下说的那个样子,希望陛下能从近处能看到远处,才是百姓的幸福啊。”

一盆兜头而来的凉水,泼得宋太宗变脸而半天说不出话来。

宋太宗想派人出使辽国,询问宰相吕蒙正。吕蒙正推荐了一陈姓官员,可能不太对宋太宗心意,所以皇帝没有批准。

后来,宋太宗几次问到考察人选。吕蒙正都是推荐这位官员。

宋太宗很生气,责问吕蒙正,你怎么一根筋呢,这么固执?

吕蒙正说,不是我固执,而是陛下你不能体察谅解呀,此人完全胜任。我不愿因谄媚而听从陛下意见,去推荐别的人,以免耽误国家大事。

朝堂上气氛顿时紧张,宋太宗拂袖而去。

后来,宋太宗想通了,对身边人说,我的气量远不如吕蒙正呀。出使辽国的人选果然一如吕蒙正当初推荐,非常称职。

吕蒙正知人善用,他有一个同窗好友叫作温仲舒,两人同年中举,后温仲舒因事被贬多年,吕蒙正做宰相后,爱惜他的才能就向皇帝举荐。

后来温仲舒得志后,常常在皇帝面前贬低吕蒙正,甚至在吕蒙正触怒皇帝时还落井下石。

有一次,吕蒙正正在夸奖温仲舒才干的时候,宋太宗忍不住地说:“你总是夸奖他,可是他却经常贬损你,还把你说得一文不值。”

吕蒙正笑了笑说:“知人善用是我的职责,至于别人怎么说我,非我职权所管。”

宋太宗由此更加敬重吕蒙正为人。

吕蒙正持身守正,是宋朝文官不贪财的典范。

他的同事中有个马未都,喜欢收藏古镜,为了攀附吕蒙正,以求高官厚禄,打算献宝给吕蒙正,就夸耀自己的古镜能够照见两百里远的地方。

谁知人家吕蒙正不屑一顾,反而笑着说:“我的脸至多不过碟子大,哪里能用照见两百里远的镜子。”

有人向他进献一方古砚,轻轻呵上一口气,砚台就湿润可以研墨了,吕蒙正却不稀罕,淡淡地说:“你就是一天能呵上一担水,也不过就一方砚台。”

那些排着队等候的献宝者沮丧万分,再也没有人敢走后门碰钉子了。

一个人的优秀品质能够一直延续到晚年,着实不易,吕蒙正就能做到。

晚年的吕蒙正牙口不好,吃饭只能喝汤,厨子们给他做了一道鸡舌汤,吕蒙正非常享受,无日不饮。

有一天,吕蒙正在家里花园游玩,突然发现墙角有一锥型小丘,就问左右,此丘何人所堆?

手下人答,那不是土丘,而是大人所弃鸡骨堆成。吕蒙正一听,惊呆了。

手下解释,鸡只有一舌,相公一碗汤所费数十只鸡,取下鸡舌,鸡就弃掉了,天长日久,鸡骨堆积成山。

吕蒙正听了这番话,心中五味杂陈,从此以后,再也不食鸡舌汤了。

吕蒙正之后,吕家还先后出了多个宰相,七个儿子也很优秀,家族人才辈出,群英荟萃,这与吕蒙正的言传身教分不开,更与其家形成的独特的吕氏门风分不开。

Introduce:Lv Meng Zheng, official of the name at the beginning of the Song Dynasty, it is the prime minister in feudal China that Song Chao walks out of the first times from civilian, also be prime minister in feudal China of the first student and prime minister in feudal China of Number One Scholar. Other people of official of one's previous experience of Lv Meng Zheng, however poor of family circumstances of from a child. And what bring him experience of this kind of gloomy life as a child is not others, be his father. The father of Lv Meng Zheng wife concubine group, should not with first wife madam Liu however, when Lv Meng Zheng is very small, the plot of a play of blood of one act dog produced in the home, small 3 beat first wife, liu and Lv Meng Zheng are driven out of a door. The mother pledges marry a person no longer. In accompanying each other miserably with Lv Meng, live hard. Because thatched cottage is autumn wind place to defeat, lv Meng once was sending body nunnery, suffer all kinds of common people discrimination. To live, he ever also was done in street roam about actor, sell a word to seek to live on, suffer humiliate fully. Mug of Lv Meng Zhengfa anger, the force with oneself changed him destiny. Have a year of summer, by the Yi Shui south Luo Chengdong, lv Meng Zheng saw a melon spreads out, want to buy melon to satisfy a craving for delicious food very much, however because of impoverished and not dare make inquires, the melon that sees somebody is thrown on the ground takes the advantage of a person carelessly, pick up of on the sly will eat. After be an official, lv Mengzheng has the wind of archaic name official. When Lv Meng Zhenggang just was appointed to be prime minister in feudal China, one day when go to court, a harsh word is transmitted from back, a colleague is pointing to his back to distain to consider the ground to say, does this person also deserve to become prime minister? Meng Zheng is installing Lv to did not hear, double in the past. Someone looked to go nevertheless, ask this person full name, . Lv Meng Zheng checks, if know his full name, meet lifelong do not forget, not as good as what do not know all one's life. Colleague people very the abdomen quantity that admires Lv Meng Zheng. Have a year, song Taizong sponsors Yuanxiao banquet personally, see empire of big the Song Dynasty sends the flourishing picture of put on a false show of peace and prosperity, can't help find oneself is good, say: "Want in those days when Song Chao was not built, the sky has comet caution, there is fire trouble on the ground civilian, the world how not quite smooth! Now my arouse one's all efforts to make the country prosperous, the world is too smooth, picture of a flourishing age! " chancellery people in succession the merits and virtues of complimentary emperor, hurrah of a hill sound. At this moment, lv Meng Zheng leaves leisurely, slowly take word: "The place that you go to the emperor, elaborate serve gets a lot of people, look so very flourishing. I once gave a city to be less than several lis, and seeing starved to death common people is everywhere, people become destitute and homeless, not be that look that Majesty says right-down, hope Majesty can can see far from vicinity, the happiness that just is common people. " the cold water that the basin wraps up a head and comes, spill get Song Taizong suddenly turn hostile and do not say to give a word to come a long time. Song Taizong wants to send country of distant of person be sent on a diplomatic mission, enquire Meng Zheng of Lv of prime minister in feudal China. Lv Meng Zheng recommended official of one old surname, the likelihood is not quite right Song Taizong intention, so the emperor does not have approval. Later, song Taizong is asked about a few times make an on-the-spot investigation