罗天祖的故事

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:湖北舟自横 神话故事 2017-10-12
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玉皇大帝从天宫俯视长江汉水之交的夹角地带,只见汉江穿荆门而出,长江擦荆州而过,两江交汇形成一派茫茫汪洋。玉皇若有所思地捻着胡须念道:“山随平野尽,江入大荒流。”从此,玉皇决心将长江与汉江交汇的夹角处打造成江汉大平原。

玉皇传长江龙与汉江龙听令。俄倾,两团紫云飞来,长江龙与汉江龙跪见玉皇。玉皇道:“二王平身,命二王将各自所辖上游之泥沙冲积至江汉夹角,使之堆积成平原,限期十年。”

此后,每年夏秋两季,长江龙与汉江龙就忙碌起来,将各自所辖上游之泥沙大量冲积至江汉之夹角处,十年,江汉平原初具雏形。

玉皇见了,含笑点头道:“平原虽成,没有河流能种庄稼吗?”二王听了,立即从江汉平原中间分别自西向东趟过一趟,随即成为东荆河与通顺河。玉皇设宴嘉奖二位龙王。酒后,汉江龙王兴起,又在江汉平原之北,顺着汉江的走势,轻轻划过一痕,人们称其为仙下河。

江汉平原巳成,玉帝命身边的天祖童子下凡去引导百姓开发江汉平原。天祖童子领命奔仙下河而去。玉帝似乎觉着还缺点什么没安排好,一时又想不起来。正犹豫间,月宫里一粒小桂花带着清香飘来。玉帝一拍脑门,想起来了。对桂花说:“桂花仙女,烦你去江汉平原辅助天祖,教百姓歌舞,传授真善美,净化民心,提升民俗。”桂花仙女欣然领命,化作一农家少女,追随天祖,赶往仙下河。

桂花女来到仙下河,仙下河两岸顿时香风四溢。百姓栽秧,桂花女就帮忙栽秧,在田里教他们唱秧歌。百姓车水,桂花女就帮忙车水,边车水边教他们唱车水歌,百姓打硪就教他们唱硪歌。桂花女所到之处香风徐徐,歌声阵阵,深受百姓爱戴。

桂花女教的这些民歌小调,经江汉平原人民的历代凝炼,成为现在的沔阳花鼓戏。

一天,一大户人家请人栽秧,桂花女教他们唱秧歌,唱高了兴,忽然发现日头只有一杨树高了,秧却还没动手栽。桂花女想,岂不是因我教唱歌误了栽秧。桂花女急得哭了,忙去问天祖哥怎么办。天祖笑着说:“你们快去栽吧,我保证你们秧不栽完日头不落土。”

桂花女带着人们赶快栽秧,待日头下滑到只有四五尺高时,天祖拿来一根挑秧用的扁担,口中念念有词,一根扁担将日头硬硬的撑着。日头便停在扁担上不再下滑了。人们又栽了三个钟头才将秧栽完。天祖将撑日头的扁担用力拿下,日头轰的一声落进土中。此时巳是半夜三更。

江汉平原为鱼米之乡,许多人靠吃鱼虾为生。人们往往被鱼剌卡喉,轻则痛苦数日,重则危及生命。

一次,天祖被鱼剌所卡,桂花得知,将一根筷子截为九段,口中念念有词,得一碗佛水,将九段筷子浮于佛水,端与天祖,让他服下。天祖看着九段长的筷子说:“这比鱼剌还硬还长,喝得下吗?”桂花女劝天祖说:“别紧张,它不卡,像面条一样柔软,喝吧。”

天祖壮着胆,闭着眼喝了,果然像面条一样滑进了喉咙,喉咙里的剌也没了。桂花女说这叫“九龙下海”之术,她常用此术为江汉平原的人们解除鱼剌卡喉的痛苦。

江汉平原被一些先入为主的人插址为标,早已瓜分殆尽。仙下河一罗姓老年夫妇虽有一小块地,因无力耕种,生活无着。又没房住,善良的村人为罗氏夫妻造一双人床大的棚,来遮风避雨,二来便于村人抬来抬去的轮流供养。轮到谁家,谁家就将双人棚抬到自家门口,端茶倒水、饭菜管饱一天。罗氏夫妻就这样饥一口饱一口的吃着百家饭。

天祖来到罗氏夫妻棚边,要认罗氏夫妇做爹妈。罗氏二老哪里肯答应,说我二老穷得叮当响,我们尚且靠村人养活,哪有能力养儿子。天祖解释说:“我哪能要二老养呢,今后由我来养二老。”罗氏夫妇总是不信。

天祖见罗氏夫妻总是不信,就念念有词地作起法来。只见不计其数的狐兔豺狗狼狈蛇虫,衔的衔、拖的拖、抬的抬,搬来许多建房的杉木和茅草。眨眼间就在罗氏夫妻的小棚边搭成两间茅屋。屋里柴米油盐瓜菜鱼肉一应俱全。罗氏夫妻见天祖有如此法力,才欣然认他作为儿子。从此,人们喊天祖叫罗天祖。

 

湘西山多田少,成年人都奔赴全国各地谋生,常有一些人不幸死于他乡。湘西人都有落叶归根的观念,无论路有多远,死了必须回葬在自己的出生地。一些穷家小户常因无力搬迁亲人尸骨,就去请赶尸匠把亲人的尸骨徒步赶回。赶尸匠将死者的面部蒙上黄表符咒,尸体便随赶尸匠昼伏夜行,翻山越岭地徒步赶回家。

牌客,湘西人。浓眉大眼,身材孔武且胆大妄为,通制盅及赶尸术。他曾一人从北疆战场上赶回三十具尸体回湘西。死鬼们慑于他的阳盛之气而不敢炸尸。一些胆小的赶尸匠,往往数人结伙赶一具尸体,闹不好还会发生炸尸还魂,以致鬼打死赶尸匠的事情。

近年,江汉平原迁来大量外省移民,一时用作住房的杉木异常紧俏。牌客看准商机大批砍伐湘杉。牌客在湘西沅江两岸的水井下了盅,人们中盅后身不由己的听凭牌客驱使,帮牌客砍伐湘杉,放木牌运抵江汉平原。

等到夏天山洪暴涨时,牌客让山洪将湘杉冲至沅江,趁南风放牌过洞庭湖,又顺长江到湖北牌州湾。牌州湾成为一天然中转站。但要将这些木牌运到江汉平原腹地就难了,须逆西流河而上行。

牌客将木牌撑到西流河出江口的黄陵矶,在黄陵矶望天作法,一时天昏地暗,风起水涌。只见仙下河水翻涌涨高,逆向西流。河水带动木牌逆流到西流河腹地,使得江汉平原庄稼全部被淹。

当时江汉平原刚开发,来了许多外省人,他们急需杉木建房。牌客就连续从西流河赶水运木牌。牌客的木材虽开价很高,依然被抢购一空。

牌客赶水运木牌,使水西流。从此,人们便将仙下河下游一段叫做西流河。牌客致使西流河两岸庄稼被淹,颗粒无收。饿殍不减,民不聊生。

牌客魔眼洞察出桂花是一仙女。心想,仙女到了人间,也要食人间烟火。既在人间,爱钱是人的本性,不信仙女就不要钱。一天,牌客找到桂花说:“听说江汉平原之上,有一绝妙风景之地比天宫还美,不知小妹可愿赔我一游。”

桂花女说:“我要教百姓歌舞,提升民俗,哪有时间去玩哪。”

牌客说:“人世间不就是为了钱吗,你看(拍荷包),有的是钱!再说,提升民风民俗也不是一天两天的事。”

桂花女说:“你要带我去哪呢?”

“去巫山。”

“去巫山做啥?”

“我和你去巫山云雨呀。”牌客邪邪地一笑。

桂花女方意识到牌客不怀好意,拉下脸来道:“你欺负人,我要告诉天祖哥去。”牌客不明白为什么桂花女总是对罗天祖那么好,还想说什么,只见桂花一阵香风早已飘走。

罗天祖见牌客赶水西流,造成两岸万亩绝收,人民饥寒交迫,委实于心不忍。请求牌客道:“希望你看在两岸人民分上,今后不要再赶水西流了。你也算半个道人,为啥不懂人生的意义,要那么多钱干啥呢。”

牌客却说:“我运杉木供人们建房,也是为人民服务,何错之有?”

罗天祖说:“我们帮助人们开发江汉平原,目的是要替人民造福,而你一再的赶水西流,为万千百姓带来无尽的灾难。你又于心何忍呢。”

 

牌客说:“你不许我赶水运牌,我的经济损失找谁去?”

罗天祖对牌客说:“只要你不再赶水西流,我有一养了五百年的宝蛛借你,其力大无穷,空中能飞,水上能行,让它帮你拉纤运牌,如何?”牌客方勉强答应。

“仙山方七日,世上一千年”,罗天祖在天宫曾将一宝蛛养育三天半,又带至凡尘养育一年多,用人世的算法也有五百多年了。

玉帝在无意间曾对天祖泄露天机,说届时有一金船将流经仙桃。天祖是有心人,心想只要把金船拉上仙桃岸上,仙桃就可望发展成为大城市。人们都知道,拉金船非蛛丝蛛力不可。天祖下凡时,将宝蛛随身带至凡间。

为了使牌客不再赶水祸害百姓,罗天祖将养育五百年的宝蛛借给了牌客。

玉皇大帝将江汉平原打造成功后,认为平原上必须有一座大城市。于是命汉江龙王从武当山下的丹江放下一只金船,船里盛满金砖及一个大城市的财力。放金船时满江金光丹红,故此地称为丹江。

玉帝命一硕大金蛛驾驶金船,命金蛛到江汉平原后随机择一人杰地灵之处将金船拉上岸。金蛛领命。

金蛛驾着金船顺汉江流至仙桃地段,只见南岸瑞气环绕桃花盛开,桃花中可见十几个仙女且歌且舞。金蛛叹道:“好一个人杰地灵的地方。”于是,迅速抽出腹中金丝挽住金船,飞身上岸,拼命往岸上拉。金船在湍急的流水中慢慢靠岸。

金蛛上岸的地方就是罗氏二老的茅房。罗天祖预感到金蛛快要来了,未料金蛛巳将金船在往岸上拉。罗天祖立即跃上云头奔洞庭湖而去。他要去洞庭湖找牌客,把自己的宝蛛要回来帮金蛛拉金船。为了这千载难逢的机遇,罗天祖急如星火赶往洞庭湖。

宝蛛正在洞庭湖上为牌客拉纤。罗天祖对牌客早有怨气,也不与牌客打招乎,在空中收宝蛛在肩上,调转云头奔仙桃而来。只见金蛛正拼命往岸上拉金船,罗天祖忙放宝蛛去帮忙。

洞庭湖上的牌客见宝蛛忽然被罗天祖收走,木牌停止在洞庭湖中。牌客怨恨罗天祖又一筹莫展。只得扔下木牌,腾云尾随罗天祖追来。牌客见罗天祖将宝蛛放到汉江中,牌客落地欲抢夺宝蛛,只见一根金丝横挡面前,牌客想捉宝蛛心切,用手使劲拉了金丝一把。

只听“砰”的一声脆响,金丝崩断。贯性将金蛛送出十几丈远。金船又退至江中,顺水向下游流去。

原来,人是不能触碰蛛丝的,触丝必断。牌客拉了金丝一把,因此金丝断了。罗天祖见状,指牌客大骂,骂牌客拉断了蛛丝。牌客也大骂罗天祖,骂罗天祖将他的牌扔在洞庭湖中。

金船继续向下流去,为了抓紧时间,罗天祖不能与牌客纠缠,对牌客说:“以后找你算账!”

牌客拉断金丝,使历史的仙桃失去了一次发展成为大城市的机会。为了尽早拉住金船,罗天祖将床单铺在地上,让自己和金蛛、宝蛛一同站在床单上,说声“起”,床单载着他们腾空而起,向汉江的出江口飞去。

此时,金船也流至此。罗天祖放出金蛛、宝蛛,二蛛同时将金船挽住,两蛛合力,很快将金船拉上了岸。此地荒无人烟,是汉江出江口北岸。因有了金船金砖及一个大城市的财力,此地迅速发展成为后来的大汉口。

罗天祖痛悔不该借宝蛛给牌客,决定收回宝蛛,不再迁就牌客。限牌客只许顾人拉纤运牌,不许赶水祸害百姓。

牌客岂肯服罗天祖安排,依然我行我素,赶水运牌。罗天祖就驱使万千狐兔豺狗猫狼蛇虫,死死咬住木牌不放。致使牌客虽赶水西流,木牌却纹丝不动。

牌客脑羞成怒,将七寸钢钉染上盅毒藏于怀中,化成一农夫,来到罗天祖住地,见罗天祖正背对门外,面向堂上的玉帝祈祷。牌客掏出盅毒钢钉,狠狠地拍进罗天祖脑门。飞身而去。

罗母惊慌失措,罗天祖平静地说:“母亲勿惊,牌客巳将七寸盅钉拍于我脑,请您速把我扶入甑内,用大火蒸七天七夜,方可救儿一命。切不可中途敞气。”

罗母把罗天祖扶入甑内,盖上盖。一边蒸一边哭,蒸了六天六夜,心想:“如此一蒸,我讲孝心的儿岂不是死在为娘的手上。”罗母于心不忍,就揭开甑盖一看,七寸盅钉巳蒸出六寸。罗天祖叹道:“我命休矣,甑敞气,钉再入。”罗母果见盅钉再入儿脑,悔不该揭盖,欲盖盖再蒸。罗天祖说:“母亲不必费心了,再蒸巳无济于事。孩儿归天不怪母亲。儿死后,请母亲将儿体躺在芦席上,哭一声儿的名字就抽一片芦篾,直到将芦蔑抽完,牌客必葬身鱼腹。”

罗母按罗天祖所嘱,边哭边叫罗天祖的名字,边叫边抽芦蔑,待抽完一张芦席,一阵带着桂花香的旋风裹着罗天祖不见了。

牌客此时正在洞庭湖木牌上,忽然风浪大作,牌客的木牌自动一根根散去,牌客落入无边洞庭湖。鱼鳖虾蟹群起,将其撕咬。牌客果然葬身鱼腹。

 

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