“一气之下”《陋室铭》

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:苏勇 唐诗故事 2016-12-30
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“山不在高,有仙则名。水不在深,有龙则灵……”这是唐朝大诗人刘禹锡在和州任通判时写下的千古名文《陋室铭》。可是,很少有人知道刘禹锡在当时是怎样写出这篇传世佳作的。

资料显示,唐贞元年间,刘禹锡任监察御史时,曾参加了王叔文的“永贞革新”,反对宦官和藩镇割据势力。革新失败后,刘禹锡、柳宗元等八人同时被贬边远地区(这就是“八司马事件”),从此便长期(约2l年)受到压抑。

在安徽和县(唐称和州),民间流传,刘禹锡的《陋室铭》是被“气”出来的。唐穆宗长庆四年(824年)八月,刘禹锡被贬和州通判,按规定,通判应住衙门内三间三厅之房。但是,和州的知县是个小人,看刘禹锡被贬为通判,便横加刁难。先是安排他住在城南门,面江而居。刘禹锡不但没有埋怨,反而还说:“面对大江观白帆,身在和州思争辩。”这可气坏了知县,于是将他的住所由城南门调到城北,并把房屋从三间缩小到一间半。新宅临河,杨柳依依,刘禹锡触景生情,悠然自得地说:“杨柳青青江水边,人在历阳心在京。”知县见状,又把他的住房再度调到城中,而且只给他一间仅能容下一床一桌一椅的房子。半年时间,刘禹锡连搬三次家,住房一次比一次小,最后仅是斗室,想想这县官实在欺人太甚,于是便愤然提笔写下了《陋室铭》。后来,知县拿他没有办法,也只好罢了。

Introduce:"Hill is absent tall, have name of celestial being criterion. Water is absent deep, have Long Zeling …… " this is Tang Chao Yu Xi of great poet Liu is in and the city allows to understand the language of name of through the ages that when sentencing, writes down " humble room inscription " . But, very few somebody knows Liu Yu Xi is in at that time is how to draw up of an excellent work of this be handed down from ancient times. The data shows, between Tang Zhen the first year of an era or the reign of an emperor, liu Yu Xiren is censorial when drive history, ever attended Wang Shuwen " Yong Zhenge is new " , object eunuch and Tang Dynasty military govenor setting up a separatist regime by force of arms force. After the innovation fails, the 8 people such as Liu Yu Xi, Liu Zongyuan are demoted at the same time outlying area (this is " 8 minister incident " ) , from now on long-term (make an appointment with 2l year) be depressed. In Anhui and county (Tang Chenhe city) , folk circulates, of Liu Yu Xi " humble room inscription " be by " gas " those who come out. Tang Mu Zong Changqing 4 years (824 years) in August, liu Yu Xi is demoted and the city is connected sentence, press a regulation, sentence should live inside goverment office in feudal China the room of 3 3 hall. But, with the city knowing a county is a Lilliputian, yu Xi seeing Liu is demoted to be sentenced to connect, inscrupulously create difficulties for sb. It is to arrange him to live in the door austral the city first, face river and house. Liu Yu Xi not only did not grouse, still say instead: "Face great river to watch Bai Fan, the body is in and the city is thought of argue. " this is annoying bad know a county, move his residence city north by the door austral the city then, narrow the building from 3 half. Overlook a river newly curtilage, willow is supple, the sight stir up one's feelings of Liu Yu Xi, say carefree and contently: "By the side of water of willow blueness green river, the person is in Beijing in all previous in relief heart. " know a county to see state, move his housing in the city once more again, and give him only one can hold below one bed only one desk the house of one chair. Time of half an year, liu Yu Xilian moves the home 3 times, housing is compared small, finally is a small room only, think this county officer is real bully person too very, carried a pen to write down in anger then " humble room inscription " . Later, know a county to take him to do not have method, also be forced.