经典的反击

来源:鬼怪吧 作者:土汶 战争故事 2017-06-26
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二战时期名将辈出,在战争最残酷最激烈的苏德战场上,苏军和德军都涌现了不少战功赫赫的将军,德军元帅冯,曼施坦因无疑是最耀眼的那颗明星。

1943年初,斯大林格勒战役结束,德军第六集团军30万精锐全军覆没,整个德军南线千疮百孔。 ,强大的苏联红军如红色浪潮一般涌向德军防线,从斯大林格勒抽身出来的苏军共有三个方面军之多!上万辆坦克装甲车,数以十万计的各型火炮,无数的战斗机轰炸机,汇聚成钢铁洪流,要湮没入侵的德军。

此时,面对强大无比的苏联军队,德军用于防守的军队显得有点可怜。

曼施坦因的南方集团军群在经历了解救斯大林格勒的“冬季风暴”行动以及一系列战斗后,已经元气大伤,兵力只剩下不足八万人,技术兵种和重武器已经消耗殆尽。

而来势汹汹的对手是30多万苏联红军。

面对巨大的兵力差距,曼施坦因元帅审时度势,采取了一招绝妙的战术,一举击溃追击而来的苏军。

这就是著名的“反手一击”战术,而这场战役就是著名的“哈尔科夫反击战”。

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哈尔科夫反击战作为二战时候的经典战役,至今仍是世界上很多军事院校战术必修课。

那么哈尔科夫反击战到底是怎么打的呢?

原来,曼施坦因为了挡住苏联人势不可挡的攻击,他避开苏军锋芒,主动后退让出哈尔科夫,同时将精锐的装甲部队悄悄安排在了苏军侧翼。当苏军攻入哈尔科夫市区后,德军装甲部队猛烈进攻苏军侧面,将苏军侧面防御击溃,然后快速穿插到苏军背后,切断苏军补给线,对苏军实施夹击。

这种类似于“回马枪”的战术被称为“反手一击”战术!

曼施坦因在哈尔科夫的“反手一击”战术大获全胜,以不足十万的部队击溃苏军30万人的快速集群,以伤亡万余人的代价使苏军遭受了9万人的伤亡,并俘虏苏军一万两千多人。

哈尔科夫战役不仅击溃了穷追猛打的苏军,而且稳住了南部战线,以曼施坦因手中的兵力,这不得不说是一个战争奇迹。

不仅如此,这次战役还给曼施坦因提供了一个有可能扭转苏德战争战局的契机。

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哈尔科夫战役后,曼施坦因总结经验,然后向希特勒提出了一个大胆的全面战略反攻计划:迂回亚速海沿岸歼灭战!

曼施坦因向希特勒建议:根据战争态势,想用静态防御正面挡住苏联红军已经不可能,德军要想逆转战局唯有发挥自己装备精良和军队素质高的特点,采取机动灵活作战,寻机歼灭苏联重兵集团,一举扭转苏德战争!

而曼施坦因的具体计划,就是先佯装退却,诱敌深入,然后以精锐的装甲部队沿亚速海沿岸突击到苏军侧后的罗斯托夫,切断苏军后路,再前后夹击,歼灭苏军。

曼施坦因这个计划其实就是哈尔科夫反击战的翻版,只不过,这一次他要实施的已经不是数十万人级别的反击,而是上百万人的大迂回大包抄战术!

假如曼施坦因的战术成功,那么按照他的预测,到时候将不只是歼灭十万敌军,而是苏军的整个方面军!

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然而,曼施坦因的大胆计划被希特勒制止。

不知为何,原本疯狂的希特勒此时却出奇的“冷静”,以冒险著称的他竟然不愿再冒险,希特勒最终决定,采取静态防御,与苏军打对攻战。

于是,便引发了人类历史上波澜壮阔的一场大战役,库尔斯克会战。然而,由于苏联的兵力和装备数量远超德国,因此库尔斯克会战德国人终究没有占到便宜,此战之后,惨遭重创的德军彻底失去苏德战争的主动权。

两年后,在与苏联人的对攻中耗尽了气力的纳粹德国,最终灭亡。

Introduce:Famous general of period of 1 World War II comes forth in large numbers, in the war the brutallest on the most intense Su Dezhan field, su Jun and De Jun Dou Chong showed the put sb on the spot with many illustrious battle achievement, de Junyuan handsome Feng, because graceful Shi Tan is that the most dazzling star undoubtedly. At the beginning of 1943, battle ends Sidalingele, de Jun the 6th a group army 300 thousand picked be completely annihilated, the line austral whole Dejun 1000 sore 100 aperture. , powerful Russia Red Army man emerges to heart army line of defence commonly like red wave, the Su Jun that from Sidalingele get away comes out shares 3 front army! Panzer of on 10 thousand tank, several with 100 thousand plan each model artillery, countless battleplan bomber, gather together steely onrush, want the De Jun that annihilation inbreaks. , right now, face powerful and clinking Russia army, kindness for military use appears a bit pitiful at defended army. Southern army group of Manshitanyin understands those who save Sidalingele in experience " winter storm " the action and after a series of battles, already vigour is hurt greatly, military strength remains inadequacy only 80 thousand people, technical arm of services and heavy weapons had used up almost to use up. And the adversary with roaring the force with which sth breaks out is Red Army of 30 much Russia. Face huge military strength gap, graceful Shi Tan because marshal consider the situation, adopted the tactics with one excellent action, the Su Jun that smash of with one action is pursued and attack and comes. This is famous " backhand biff " tactics, and this battle is famous " Haerkefu strikes back battle " . Husband of division of 2 haing Er strikes back battle regards World War II as the classic battle of moment, still be obligatory course of tactics of school of on the world a lot of military affairses up to now. So what how Er division husband strikes back battle is to hit after all to breath out? Original, because graceful Shi Tan is atttacked overwhelmly to hold off a Soviet citizen, ability of his escape Sujun, back down actively let a Haerkefu, at the same time will elite armor troops is arranged stealthily was in Su Jun flank. After Su Jun scores urban district of husband of haing Er division, army of armour of heart military uniform is violent attack Su Jun flank, smash of defence of Su Jun flank, alternate quickly next Su Jun backside, sever Su Jun supply line, carry out converging attack to Su Jun. This kind is similar to " back thrust " tactics is called " backhand biff " tactics! Because graceful Shi Tan is in those who breath out Er division husband " backhand biff " tactics is obtained greatly get the better of completely, in order to be not worth the army smash Su Jun of 100 thousand the fast group of 300 thousand person, with casualties the cost of more than 10000 people makes Su Jun sufferred the casualties of 90 thousand person, and captive Su Jun more than 12000 people. Campaign of husband of haing Er division not only smash the Su Jun that pursuit strikes, and lived firmly southern battlefront, with Manshitanyin the military strength in the hand, this must say is miracle of a war. Not only such, this battle still offerred to turn round Su Dezhan to dispute the turning point of war situation likely to Manshitanyin. After campaign of husband of division of 3 haing Er, because graceful Shi Tan sums up experience